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The Adoption of Green Vehicles in Last Mile Logistics: A Systematic Review

1
Faculty of Economics, Universitas Mercatorum, Piazza Mattei, 10, 00186 Rome, Italy
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Department of Engineering, Roma Tre University, Via Vito Volterra 62, 00146 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Political Science, Roma Tre University, Via Gabriello Chiabrera 199, 00145 Rome, Italy
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Department of Logistics, Molde University College, P.O. Box 2110, 6402 Molde, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010006
Received: 4 December 2020 / Revised: 17 December 2020 / Accepted: 18 December 2020 / Published: 22 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
Widespread adoption of green vehicles in urban logistics may contribute to the alleviation of problems such as environmental pollution, global warming, and oil dependency. However, the current adoption of green vehicles in the last mile logistics is relatively low despite many actions taken by public authorities to overcome the negative externalities of distributing goods in cities. This paper presents a comprehensive literature review on studies investigating the adoption of green vehicles in urban freight transportation, paying specific attention to e-commerce. To shed light on the adoption of green vehicles in city logistics, the paper conducts a systematic review of the empirical literature on the topic. The 159 articles reviewed were classified into the following: (a) Optimization and scheduling (67 papers); (b) policy (55 papers); (c) sustainability (37 papers). Among the 159 articles, a further selection of 17 papers dealing with e-commerce, i.e., studies that highlight the most relevant aspects related to the integration of green vehicles in e-commerce urban logistics, was performed. Our findings indicate that green vehicles are competitive in urban deliveries characterized by frequent stop-and-go movements and low consolidation levels while incentives are still necessary for their adoption. The use of autonomous vehicles results the most promising and challenging solution for last-mile logistics. View Full-Text
Keywords: last mile logistics; green logistics; urban freight; e-commerce; green vehicles; drones; autonomous vehicles last mile logistics; green logistics; urban freight; e-commerce; green vehicles; drones; autonomous vehicles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Patella, S.M.; Grazieschi, G.; Gatta, V.; Marcucci, E.; Carrese, S. The Adoption of Green Vehicles in Last Mile Logistics: A Systematic Review. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010006

AMA Style

Patella SM, Grazieschi G, Gatta V, Marcucci E, Carrese S. The Adoption of Green Vehicles in Last Mile Logistics: A Systematic Review. Sustainability. 2021; 13(1):6. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010006

Chicago/Turabian Style

Patella, Sergio M., Gianluca Grazieschi, Valerio Gatta, Edoardo Marcucci, and Stefano Carrese. 2021. "The Adoption of Green Vehicles in Last Mile Logistics: A Systematic Review" Sustainability 13, no. 1: 6. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010006

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