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Review

Food Insecurity in Advanced Capitalist Nations: A Review

1
Department of Sociology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
2
Department of Social Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE18ST, UK
3
Department of Social Work, Education and Community Wellbeing, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE7 7XA, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(9), 3654; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093654
Received: 27 March 2020 / Revised: 27 April 2020 / Accepted: 28 April 2020 / Published: 1 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Insecurity in Advanced Capitalist Nations)
Food insecurity is a substantial problem in nearly every advanced capitalist nation, with sizable portions of residents in many affluent countries struggling to eat healthily every day. Over time, a very large literature has developed that documents food insecurity, evaluates programs meant to reduce that insecurity, and proposes solutions to attenuate the problem. The purpose of the current review is to provide a very broad overview of the food insecurity literature, including definitions, measurement, areas of study, and impacts on health. Importantly, this review suggests there are two major causes of food insecurity in the advanced nations: economic inequality and neoliberalism. The food insecurity literature suggests that diminished government responsibility in advanced capitalist nations corresponds to an increase in feeding programs run by non-profit and charitable organizations. This review concludes by suggesting that, while a massive amount of research on food insecurity currently exists, more research is still needed to address gaps in the literature when it comes to significant events, coping strategies and disadvantaged populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: first world; food aid; food insecurity; food justice; food poverty; inequality; neoliberalism first world; food aid; food insecurity; food justice; food poverty; inequality; neoliberalism
MDPI and ACS Style

Long, M.A.; Gonçalves, L.; Stretesky, P.B.; Defeyter, M.A. Food Insecurity in Advanced Capitalist Nations: A Review. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3654. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093654

AMA Style

Long MA, Gonçalves L, Stretesky PB, Defeyter MA. Food Insecurity in Advanced Capitalist Nations: A Review. Sustainability. 2020; 12(9):3654. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093654

Chicago/Turabian Style

Long, Michael A., Lara Gonçalves, Paul B. Stretesky, and Margaret Anne Defeyter. 2020. "Food Insecurity in Advanced Capitalist Nations: A Review" Sustainability 12, no. 9: 3654. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093654

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