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Article

Criteria and Decision Support for A Sustainable Choice of Alternative Marine Fuels

1
Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, SE–412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
2
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, 411 33 Gothenburg, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(9), 3623; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093623
Received: 15 March 2020 / Revised: 24 April 2020 / Accepted: 27 April 2020 / Published: 30 April 2020
To reach the International Maritime Organization, IMO, vision of a 50% greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction by 2050, there is a need for action. Good decision support is needed for decisions on fuel and energy conversion systems due to the complexity. This paper aims to get an overview of the criteria types included in present assessments of future marine fuels, to evaluate these and to highlight the most important criteria. This is done using a literature review of selected scientific articles and reports and the authors’ own insights from assessing marine fuels. There are different views regarding the goal of fuel change, what fuel names to use as well as regarding the criteria to assess, which therefore vary in the literature. Quite a few articles and reports include a comparison of several alternative fuels. To promote a transition to fuels with significant GHG reduction potential, it is crucial to apply a life cycle perspective and to assess fuel options in a multicriteria perspective. The recommended minimum set of criteria to consider when evaluating future marine fuels differ somewhat between fuels that can be used in existing ships and fuels that can be used in new types of propulsion systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine fuels; emission reduction; GHG; multicriteria analysis; alternative fuels marine fuels; emission reduction; GHG; multicriteria analysis; alternative fuels
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MDPI and ACS Style

Andersson, K.; Brynolf, S.; Hansson, J.; Grahn, M. Criteria and Decision Support for A Sustainable Choice of Alternative Marine Fuels. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3623. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093623

AMA Style

Andersson K, Brynolf S, Hansson J, Grahn M. Criteria and Decision Support for A Sustainable Choice of Alternative Marine Fuels. Sustainability. 2020; 12(9):3623. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093623

Chicago/Turabian Style

Andersson, Karin, Selma Brynolf, Julia Hansson, and Maria Grahn. 2020. "Criteria and Decision Support for A Sustainable Choice of Alternative Marine Fuels" Sustainability 12, no. 9: 3623. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093623

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