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Moving Towards the Circular Economy/City Model: Which Tools for Operationalizing This Model?
Open AccessArticle

Operationalizing the Circular City Model for Naples’ City-Port: A Hybrid Development Strategy

1
Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, 80134 Naples, Italy
2
Institute for Research on Innovation and Services for Development (IRISS), National Research Council of Italy (CNR), via Cardinale Guglielmo Sanfelice, 80134 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(7), 2927; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072927
Received: 7 January 2020 / Revised: 9 March 2020 / Accepted: 25 March 2020 / Published: 7 April 2020
The city-port context involves a decisive reality for the economic development of territories and nations, capable of significantly influencing the conditions of well-being and quality of life, and of making the Circular City Model (CCM) operational, preserving and enhancing seas and marine resources in a sustainable way. This can be achieved through the construction of appropriate production and consumption models, with attention to relations with the urban and territorial system. This paper presents an adaptive decision-making process for Naples (Italy) commercial port’s development strategies, aimed at re-establishing a sustainable city-port relationship and making Circular Economy (CE) principles operative. The approach has aimed at implementing a CCM by operationalizing European recommendations provided within both the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) framework—specifically focusing on goals 9, 11 and 12—and the Maritime Spatial Planning European Directive 2014/89, to face conflicts about the overlapping areas of the city-port through multidimensional evaluations’ principles and tools. In this perspective, a four-step methodological framework has been structured applying a place-based approach with mixed evaluation methods, eliciting soft and hard knowledge domains, which have been expressed and assessed by a core set of Sustainability Indicators (SI), linked to SDGs. The contribution outcomes have been centred on the assessment of three design alternatives for the East Naples port and the development of a hybrid regeneration scenario consistent with CE and sustainability principles. The structured decision-making process has allowed us to test how an adaptive approach can expand the knowledge base underpinning policy design and decisions to achieve better outcomes and cultivate a broad civic and technical engagement, that can enhance the legitimacy and transparency of policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy principles; city-port development strategy; sustainable indicators; role-playing game; PROMETHEE method; stakeholders analysis; multidimensional evaluation; adaptive decision-making process circular economy principles; city-port development strategy; sustainable indicators; role-playing game; PROMETHEE method; stakeholders analysis; multidimensional evaluation; adaptive decision-making process
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Cerreta, M.; Giovene di Girasole, E.; Poli, G.; Regalbuto, S. Operationalizing the Circular City Model for Naples’ City-Port: A Hybrid Development Strategy. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2927.

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