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Open AccessArticle

A Systematic Review of Coastal Vulnerability Mapping

1
Department of Geography, Center for Coastal Studies, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
2
Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
3
Department of Geosciences, Williams College, Williamstown, MA 01267, USA
4
Center for International Earth Science Information Network, The Earth Institute at Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10025, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(7), 2822; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072822
Received: 17 February 2020 / Revised: 22 March 2020 / Accepted: 24 March 2020 / Published: 2 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Risk and Vulnerability Mapping)
Coastal areas worldwide represent an aggregation of population and assets of growing economic, geopolitical, and sociocultural significance, yet their functions are increasingly challenged by worsening coastal hazards. Vulnerability assessments have been recognized as one way we can better understand which geographic areas and segments of society are more susceptible to adverse impacts from different stressors or hazards. The aims of this paper are to evaluate the state of coastal vulnerability assessment mapping efforts and to identify opportunities for advancement and refinement that will lead to more cohesive, impactful, and policy-relevant coastal vulnerability studies. We conducted a systematic review of the literature that addresses physical and social vulnerability to coastal hazards and contains corresponding mapping products. The content was analyzed for the scale of analysis, location, disciplinary focus, conceptual framework, metrics used, methodological approach, data sources, mapping output, and policy relevance. Results showed that most Coastal Vulnerability Mapping Assessments (CVMAs) are conducted at the local level using a range of methodologies, often with limited inclusion of social considerations and limited discussion of policy relevance. Based on our analysis, we provide seven recommendations for the advancement of this field that would improve CVMAs’ methodological rigor, policy relevance, and alignment with other vulnerability assessment paradigms. View Full-Text
Keywords: vulnerability; coastal; mapping; exposure; sensitivity; adaptation; sea level rise; storm surge; coastal flooding vulnerability; coastal; mapping; exposure; sensitivity; adaptation; sea level rise; storm surge; coastal flooding
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bukvic, A.; Rohat, G.; Apotsos, A.; de Sherbinin, A. A Systematic Review of Coastal Vulnerability Mapping. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2822. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072822

AMA Style

Bukvic A, Rohat G, Apotsos A, de Sherbinin A. A Systematic Review of Coastal Vulnerability Mapping. Sustainability. 2020; 12(7):2822. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072822

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bukvic, Anamaria; Rohat, Guillaume; Apotsos, Alex; de Sherbinin, Alex. 2020. "A Systematic Review of Coastal Vulnerability Mapping" Sustainability 12, no. 7: 2822. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072822

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