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Artificial Intelligence, Transport and the Smart City: Definitions and Dimensions of a New Mobility Era

1
Department of Logistics, Marketing, Hospitality and Analytics, Huddersfield Business School, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield HD1 3DH, UK
2
Department of Computer Science, International Hellenic University, Agios Loukas, 65404 Kavala, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(7), 2789; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072789
Received: 8 February 2020 / Revised: 12 March 2020 / Accepted: 28 March 2020 / Published: 1 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a powerful concept still in its infancy that has the potential, if utilised responsibly, to provide a vehicle for positive change that could promote sustainable transitions to a more resource-efficient livability paradigm. AI with its deep learning functions and capabilities can be employed as a tool which empowers machines to solve problems that could reform urban landscapes as we have known them for decades now and help with establishing a new era; the era of the “smart city”. One of the key areas that AI can redefine is transport. Mobility provision and its impact on urban development can be significantly improved by the employment of intelligent transport systems in general and automated transport in particular. This new breed of AI-based mobility, despite its machine-orientation, has to be a user-centred technology that “understands” and “satisfies” the human user, the markets and the society as a whole. Trust should be built, and risks should be eliminated, for this transition to take off. This paper provides a novel conceptual contribution that thoroughly discusses the scarcely studied nexus of AI, transportation and the smart city and how this will affect urban futures. It specifically covers key smart mobility initiatives referring to Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs), autonomous Personal and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (PAVs and UAVs) and Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS), but also interventions that may work as enabling technologies for transport, such as the Internet of Things (IoT) and Physical Internet (PI) or reflect broader transformations like Industry 4.0. This work is ultimately a reference tool for researchers and city planners that provides clear and systematic definitions of the ambiguous smart mobility terms of tomorrow and describes their individual and collective roles underpinning the nexus in scope. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial intelligence; smart city; smart transport; connected and autonomous vehicles; personal and unmanned aerial vehicles; mobility-as-a-service; internet of things; physical internet; industry 4.0 artificial intelligence; smart city; smart transport; connected and autonomous vehicles; personal and unmanned aerial vehicles; mobility-as-a-service; internet of things; physical internet; industry 4.0
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Nikitas, A.; Michalakopoulou, K.; Njoya, E.T.; Karampatzakis, D. Artificial Intelligence, Transport and the Smart City: Definitions and Dimensions of a New Mobility Era. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2789.

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