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Analysis of Coupling Coordination Variance between Urbanization Quality and Eco-Environment Pressure: A Case Study of the West Taiwan Strait Urban Agglomeration, China

by Xiaoqing Lin 1,2,3,†, Chunyan Lu 1,3,4,*,†, Kaishan Song 2, Ying Su 1,4, Yifan Lei 1,4, Lianxiu Zhong 1,4 and Yibin Gao 1,4
1
College of Computer and Information Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
2
Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China
3
Key Laboratory of Ecology and Resources Statistics of Fujian Province Universities, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
4
Research Centre of Resource and Environment Spatial Information Statistics of Fujian Province, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Sustainability 2020, 12(7), 2643; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072643
Received: 10 March 2020 / Revised: 21 March 2020 / Accepted: 24 March 2020 / Published: 26 March 2020
Rapid urbanization has affected the eco-environment in China. A clear understanding of the coupling relationship between urbanization quality and eco-environment pressure is needed for sustainable urban development. This study focused on the relationship between urbanization quality and eco-environment pressure in the West Taiwan Strait Urban Agglomeration (WTSUA) with panel data collected from 2003 to 2017. An index system was established to measure urbanization quality from four urbanization subsystems: demographic urbanization, spatial urbanization, economic urbanization, and social urbanization. An index of eco-environment pressure was developed from resource availability, energy consumption, pollution emissions, and pressure response. The level of urbanization quality and eco-environment pressure was assessed using analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and entropy method (EM). The coupling process was described using a coupling coordination degree model. Results showed the following: (1) Economic urbanization contributed the most to urbanization quality. The contribution of the four subsystems to eco-environment pressure was similar. (2) Eco-environment pressure decreased with improving urbanization quality. The coupling coordination degree between urbanization quality and eco-environment pressure increased. Spatially, the coupling coordination degree of eastern cities was higher than that of western cities. The findings of this paper will help government in planning and implementing sustainable urban development and eco-environment conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: urbanization quality; eco-environment pressure; coupling coordination degree; West Taiwan Strait Urban Agglomeration; analytic hierarchy process; entropy method urbanization quality; eco-environment pressure; coupling coordination degree; West Taiwan Strait Urban Agglomeration; analytic hierarchy process; entropy method
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Lin, X.; Lu, C.; Song, K.; Su, Y.; Lei, Y.; Zhong, L.; Gao, Y. Analysis of Coupling Coordination Variance between Urbanization Quality and Eco-Environment Pressure: A Case Study of the West Taiwan Strait Urban Agglomeration, China. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2643.

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