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Access to ICT in Poland and the Co-Creation of Urban Space in the Process of Modern Social Participation in a Smart City—A Case Study

Faculty of Geoengineering, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10-720 Olsztyn, Poland
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Sustainability 2020, 12(5), 2136; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12052136
Received: 22 January 2020 / Revised: 4 March 2020 / Accepted: 6 March 2020 / Published: 10 March 2020
A smart city is one of the latest concepts in the development of modern cities. It has evolved from the foregoing smart cities 1.0 and 2.0 to the smart city 3.0, where members of the local community play the main role as not only the recipients of the introduced changes and modern technology, but also as the creators of urban space. One of the goals of a smart city 3.0 is to promote sustainable urban development by improving the quality of life, enhancing social participation, and involving local community members in planning and decision-making processes. This study set out to determine the role and significance of e-participation methods in the smart city concept. The results of questionnaires exploring the importance of e-participation in urban development are presented. The paper also discusses changes in the availability of information and communication technologies (ICT) in Poland. The secondary goal was to present the geo-questionnaire and Public Participation GIS (PPGIS) as modern research tools. Internet tools based on geoinformation systems have considerable potential for mobilizing social participation in spatial planning (Public Participation GIS). The present study postulates the need for modern social participation methods in shaping urban space and promoting the sustainable development of cities. The study highlights the main challenges in the research process. The cooperation between the authorities and the citizens contributes to the development of a civil society, informed decision-making, social involvement in public life, and more effective governance at the local, regional, and national level. Measures that foster cooperation between the authorities and local communities, the use of information and communication technologies (ICT), and growing social awareness and social participation in managing development are the components of a modern smart city and the building blocks of an e-society. The study also revealed positive changes in access to ICT and their contribution to bridging the digital divide in Poland. Higher levels of social awareness regarding participation and e-participation promote the growth of smart cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban management; citizen participation; urban planning; geo-questionnaire; Public Participation GIS; sustainable development of cities; smart city concept; e-participation; urban development; ICT; smart city 3.0 urban management; citizen participation; urban planning; geo-questionnaire; Public Participation GIS; sustainable development of cities; smart city concept; e-participation; urban development; ICT; smart city 3.0
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MDPI and ACS Style

Szarek-Iwaniuk, P.; Senetra, A. Access to ICT in Poland and the Co-Creation of Urban Space in the Process of Modern Social Participation in a Smart City—A Case Study. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2136. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12052136

AMA Style

Szarek-Iwaniuk P, Senetra A. Access to ICT in Poland and the Co-Creation of Urban Space in the Process of Modern Social Participation in a Smart City—A Case Study. Sustainability. 2020; 12(5):2136. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12052136

Chicago/Turabian Style

Szarek-Iwaniuk, Patrycja, and Adam Senetra. 2020. "Access to ICT in Poland and the Co-Creation of Urban Space in the Process of Modern Social Participation in a Smart City—A Case Study" Sustainability 12, no. 5: 2136. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12052136

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