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Open AccessArticle

Bioeconomy—Spatial Requirements for Sustainable Development

Institute of Spatial Planning, Environmental Planning and Land Rearrangement, BOKU—University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna 1190, Austria
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Sustainability 2020, 12(5), 1877; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12051877
Received: 10 December 2019 / Revised: 2 February 2020 / Accepted: 27 February 2020 / Published: 2 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Bioeconomy)
The implementation of the bioeconomy, i.e., the conversion of an economic system from fossil to biogenic, renewable resources, is seen as an important component of sustainable development by many bioeconomy strategies. What has hardly been taken into account and investigated are the spatial requirements for a sustainable transition to this new system. In order to clarify this, bioeconomy related strategies and policy papers were analyzed thematically. It was shown that spatially relevant issues are addressed to very different extents. Some strategies have a clear technological and economic orientation, while other documents point to the importance of the regional and local levels and the use of spatial planning measures to successfully and sustainably implement a bioeconomy. Overall, the picture emerged that many strategies are still a long way from mainstreaming Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as set out by the United Nations. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioeconomy; strategy; policy; sustainability; sustainable development; SDG; regional development; spatial planning; Boyatzis; qualitative content analysis bioeconomy; strategy; policy; sustainability; sustainable development; SDG; regional development; spatial planning; Boyatzis; qualitative content analysis
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Grossauer, F.; Stoeglehner, G. Bioeconomy—Spatial Requirements for Sustainable Development. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1877.

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