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Open AccessArticle

Transforming Turkish Universities to Entrepreneurial Universities for Sustainability: From Strategy to Practice

Kocaeli Vocational School, Department of Marketing and Advertising, Kocaeli University, 41140 Kocaeli, Turkey
Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, European University of Lefke, 99780 Lefke, Turkey
Faculty of Applied Sciences, WSB University, 41-300 Dąbrowa Górnicza, Poland
Institute of Research on Territorial Governance and Inter-Organizational Cooperation, 41-300 Dabrowa Górnicza, Poland
Environmental Resources Analysis Research Group (ARAM), University of Extremadura, 06071 Badajoz, Spain
CITUR-Madeira-Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation, 9000-082 Funchal-Madeira, Portugal
VALORIZA-Research Centre for Endogenous Resource Valorization, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre (IPP), 7300 Portalegre, Portugal
Faculty of Aviation and Aeronautical Sciences, Ozyegin University, 34794 Istanbul, Turkey
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(4), 1496;
Received: 19 January 2020 / Revised: 15 February 2020 / Accepted: 16 February 2020 / Published: 17 February 2020
Today, universities are seen as the main actors of technological change, innovation, and social development; this situation causes new roles for universities, as well as forces them to change. At present, universities face very important expectations such as research and entrepreneurial activities by providing the industry–university cooperation along with education and training. In order to manage that transformation, it is seen that the universities across the world evolve to context of entrepreneurial university. Within this general framework, the main objective of this research is to determine where Turkish universities stand on the transformation of entrepreneurial university. In order to achieve this goal, 68 public universities’ strategic plans, which are thought to reflect the intentions for the future, were subjected to content analysis. The findings showed that the majority of universities in our country did not have entrepreneurial university features but they have strong intention and desire for a transformation in this direction. View Full-Text
Keywords: entrepreneurship; entrepreneurial university; strategic plan; content analysis entrepreneurship; entrepreneurial university; strategic plan; content analysis
MDPI and ACS Style

Genç, S.Y.; Sesen, H.; Castanho, R.A.; Kirikkaleli, D.; Soran, S. Transforming Turkish Universities to Entrepreneurial Universities for Sustainability: From Strategy to Practice. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1496.

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