A Function-Based Approach for Life Cycle Management of Chemicals in the Textile Industry
1.1. Related Works
1.3. Structure of the Paper
2.1. Development of the Approach
2.2. Evaluation of the Approach
- Function-based chemicals management concept model (theory).
- Chemicals LCM tools for non-chemists (tools).
- Continuous knowledge provision (human resources).
3.1. Function-Based Chemicals Management Concept Model
3.2. Chemicals LCM Tools for “Non-Chemists”
3.2.1. The ChemicAll Database
3.2.2. The Chemicals Guidance
3.2.3. The Checklist
3.3. Continuous Knowledge Provision via Networking
3.4. Results from the Evaluation of the Approach
- Top management support,
- communication and interaction,
- integration across functions,
- part of everyday practice,
- alignment with business strategy,
- knowledge of LCM,
- holistic environmental approach, and
- collaboration of product chain actors.
- Continuity. Databases and tools must be continuously updated to reflect current knowledge and regulation.
- Funding. For practical reasons, continuous knowledge provision via networking requires continuous financing of some sort. In this approach, the financing is shared between the industry, in the form of membership fees, and the research institute, in the form of research projects and commissions.
- Knowledge at the appropriate detail level. Some factors understand and require deep and detailed knowledge related to chemicals and their impacts. Other factors may only require and be able to grasp basic knowledge due to time restraint or educational background. The three different LCM tools developed (the ChemicAll database, the Chemicals Guidance, and the Checklist) allow for such an adaption to different knowledge needs.
- Coaching. The long-term relationships between researchers and companies offers the possibility for deepened understanding of the industrial reality and continuous improvement of the services provided by the network from the researcher’s side, and from the company’s side, of the chemical information.
Conflicts of Interest
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|Product function chemicals||Provide a desired property to the end product (colour, soft hand, reduced odour, etc.). The chemicals are produced by humans or nature and intentionally added to the product. They are often detected in high concentrations in the end product.||Dyestuffs/pigments, water repellent agents, softeners, plasticizers, flame retardants, biocides.||Specify the desired chemistry to reach the desired technical properties of the end product to the supplier.|
|Process function chemicals||Provide a desired property to the process (processability, increased yield etc.) or are raw materials. The chemicals are produced by humans or nature and intentionally added to the process. They are seldom detected in high concentrations in the end product.||Catalysts, cross-linking agents, solvents, lubricants, release agents, foaming agents, monomers.||Secure good operating practices. For chemicals that are not possible to separate from the end product: Specify the desired chemistry to the supplier.|
|Background level contamination chemicals||Chemicals that occur through unintended production by humans or nature. They enter products and processes as impurities. They are seldom detected in high concentrations in the end product.||Heavy metals, persistent organic pollutants.||Secure good operating practices and use of high-quality input chemicals and non-contaminated resources.|
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Roos, S.; Posner, S.; Jönsson, C.; Olsson, E.; Nilsson-Lindén, H.; Schellenberger, S.; Larsson, M.; Hanning, A.-C.; Arvidsson, R. A Function-Based Approach for Life Cycle Management of Chemicals in the Textile Industry. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1273. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031273
Roos S, Posner S, Jönsson C, Olsson E, Nilsson-Lindén H, Schellenberger S, Larsson M, Hanning A-C, Arvidsson R. A Function-Based Approach for Life Cycle Management of Chemicals in the Textile Industry. Sustainability. 2020; 12(3):1273. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031273Chicago/Turabian Style
Roos, Sandra, Stefan Posner, Christina Jönsson, Elisabeth Olsson, Hanna Nilsson-Lindén, Steffen Schellenberger, Mikael Larsson, Anne-Charlotte Hanning, and Rickard Arvidsson. 2020. "A Function-Based Approach for Life Cycle Management of Chemicals in the Textile Industry" Sustainability 12, no. 3: 1273. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031273