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Article

Blockchain Technology and Its Role in Enhancing Supply Chain Integration Capability and Reducing Carbon Emission: A Conceptual Framework

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Faculty of Engineering Technology & Science, Higher Colleges of Technology, Abu Dhabi, UAE
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Department of Business Information System, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1010, New Zealand
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The School of Accounting, Information Systems and Supply Chain, RMIT University, Melbourne VIC 3000, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10550; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410550
Received: 23 September 2020 / Revised: 26 November 2020 / Accepted: 12 December 2020 / Published: 17 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Logistics and Sustainability)
Most current blockchain and carbon emission studies are from engineering and sciences disciplines. By incorporating blockchain technology into supply chain integration capabilities, the firms are be able to work collaboratively with each other to enhance the supply chain integration and simultaneously reduce the carbon emission in a supply chain. This paper presents a conceptual framework to understand the role of blockchain in a low carbon supply chain management. Applying the Socio-Technical Theory and Resource-Based View, the research propositions between blockchain, supply chain integration capability and carbon emission are proposed in the research framework. The results indicate that the blockchain technology may be viewed as a strategic management approach to enhance supply chain integration and reduce the carbon emissions. In addition, it may be adopted as an operational tool to track carbon footprint, streamline processes and improve efficiency of carbon management to minimize the overall emissions in supply chains. The paper contributes to the blockchain literature and its applications in low carbon supply chain management and provides recommendation for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: blockchain; low carbon supply chain; integration; carbon emission; supply chain management; New Zealand blockchain; low carbon supply chain; integration; carbon emission; supply chain management; New Zealand
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, M.; Wang, B.; Abareshi, A. Blockchain Technology and Its Role in Enhancing Supply Chain Integration Capability and Reducing Carbon Emission: A Conceptual Framework. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10550. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410550

AMA Style

Wang M, Wang B, Abareshi A. Blockchain Technology and Its Role in Enhancing Supply Chain Integration Capability and Reducing Carbon Emission: A Conceptual Framework. Sustainability. 2020; 12(24):10550. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410550

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Michael, Bill Wang, and Ahmad Abareshi. 2020. "Blockchain Technology and Its Role in Enhancing Supply Chain Integration Capability and Reducing Carbon Emission: A Conceptual Framework" Sustainability 12, no. 24: 10550. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410550

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