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Article

Contributing Factors in Adolescents’ Mental Well-Being—The Role of Socioeconomic Status, Social Support, and Health Behavior

1
Doctoral School of Health Sciences, University of Debrecen, 26. Kassai Street, 4028 Debrecen, Hungary
2
Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, 26. Kassai Street, 4028 Debrecen, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(22), 9597; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229597
Received: 16 September 2020 / Revised: 14 November 2020 / Accepted: 16 November 2020 / Published: 18 November 2020
Mental disorders are common in adolescents, and for effective interventions we should be aware of their determinants. However, there are only a small number of studies investigating the combined effect of multiple factors. Therefore, our aim is to assess the impact of socioeconomic status, social support, and health behavior on adolescents’ mental well-being. A cross-sectional health survey of 1641 children was carried out in accordance with the study protocol of the Hungarian Health Behavior in School-aged Children survey. Multivariate multiple regression was used to analyze the main determinants of mental well-being. The boys’ mental well-being was favorable compared to girls; lower subjective family wealth was associated with lower life satisfaction and depressive mood. Life satisfaction was positively related to healthy eating, social support, and physical activity. Unhealthy eating, sedentary lifestyle, and lower social support were associated with higher depression scores. Higher social support reduces psychosomatic symptoms, while unhealthy eating and spending a lot of time in front of the computer increase them. Both social support and healthy lifestyle seem to be protective against mental health problems among adolescents, and thus interventions should focus on these factors regardless of the socioeconomic status of the participants, with special attention given to girls. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; mental well-being; socioeconomic status; social support; health behavior adolescents; mental well-being; socioeconomic status; social support; health behavior
MDPI and ACS Style

Nagy-Pénzes, G.; Vincze, F.; Bíró, É. Contributing Factors in Adolescents’ Mental Well-Being—The Role of Socioeconomic Status, Social Support, and Health Behavior. Sustainability 2020, 12, 9597. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229597

AMA Style

Nagy-Pénzes G, Vincze F, Bíró É. Contributing Factors in Adolescents’ Mental Well-Being—The Role of Socioeconomic Status, Social Support, and Health Behavior. Sustainability. 2020; 12(22):9597. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229597

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nagy-Pénzes, Gabriella, Ferenc Vincze, and Éva Bíró. 2020. "Contributing Factors in Adolescents’ Mental Well-Being—The Role of Socioeconomic Status, Social Support, and Health Behavior" Sustainability 12, no. 22: 9597. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229597

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