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Mayors, Using Cultural Expenditure in An Opportunistic Way Improves the Chances of Re-Election, but Do Not Do It: Revisiting Political Budget Cycles

Research Unit in Economics of Culture and Tourism, Department of Applied Economics, University of València, Av. Tarongers s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
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Sustainability 2020, 12(21), 9095; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219095
Received: 29 September 2020 / Revised: 29 October 2020 / Accepted: 30 October 2020 / Published: 31 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Culture and Development in Small and Medium-Sized Cities)
This article analyzes whether expenditure on the provision of merit goods, culture, health, education, and sports, by local governments, in medium-sized cities (between 20,000 and 100,000 inhabitants) is tied to the electoral cycle; that is, whether expenditure increases in the run up to an electoral process. Further, we analyze whether the increase in spending on Culture by local governments has any significant effect on the probability of local governments being re-elected. To answer these questions, a database of 350 medium-sized municipalities is used comprising the period 2011 to 2019, when two municipal elections were held in Spain; in 2015 and in 2019. The results confirm that both total spending and spending on culture and sports, are tied to the electoral cycle, while expenditure on other merit goods is not. Moreover, using a logit model, it is confirmed that an increase in culture expenditure has a significant effect on the probability of the government being re-elected. Specifically, a one-third increase in cultural expenditure, as a proportion of total expenditure (e.g., passing from 6% to 8%) at local government level, improves re-election chances by almost 10%. View Full-Text
Keywords: political business cycle; local government; cultural policies political business cycle; local government; cultural policies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sanjuán, J.; Rausell, P.; Coll, V.; Abeledo, R. Mayors, Using Cultural Expenditure in An Opportunistic Way Improves the Chances of Re-Election, but Do Not Do It: Revisiting Political Budget Cycles. Sustainability 2020, 12, 9095. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219095

AMA Style

Sanjuán J, Rausell P, Coll V, Abeledo R. Mayors, Using Cultural Expenditure in An Opportunistic Way Improves the Chances of Re-Election, but Do Not Do It: Revisiting Political Budget Cycles. Sustainability. 2020; 12(21):9095. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219095

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sanjuán, Jordi; Rausell, Pau; Coll, Vicente; Abeledo, Raül. 2020. "Mayors, Using Cultural Expenditure in An Opportunistic Way Improves the Chances of Re-Election, but Do Not Do It: Revisiting Political Budget Cycles" Sustainability 12, no. 21: 9095. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219095

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