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Article

Following a Step by Step Development of a Resilience Action Plan

1
Urban Water Unit, National Civil Engineering Laboratory, LNEC, Av. Brasil 101, 1700-066 Lisbon, Portugal
2
Lisbon City Council, Câmara Municipal de Lisboa, CML, Praça José Queirós, n.°1–3° piso—Fração 5, 1800-237 Lisbon, Portugal
3
CERIS, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(21), 9017; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219017
Received: 5 October 2020 / Revised: 22 October 2020 / Accepted: 23 October 2020 / Published: 30 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Resilience in a Context of Climate Change)
According to the United Nations, by 2030, 60% of the world’s population will live in cities, and 70% by 2050. Both consolidated and fast urbanizing areas face diverse acute shocks from natural disasters and long-term stresses, such as the effects of climate change. Therefore, there is a need for cities to implement plans for increasing resilience and improving preparedness to cope with both acute shocks and long-term stresses. Development of resilience action plans (RAP) constitutes an important process for the cities to plan their resilience enhancement in the long, medium, and short terms. These are key tools for the city, considering the associated complexity, uncertainties, data scarcity, interdependencies among urban services provided in the city, as well as involved stakeholders. Herein, a framework is presented to support city resilience action planning related to climate change through a multisector approach. The framework was applied step by step to three cities—Barcelona, Bristol, and Lisbon—and their RAPs to climate change provide roadmaps for resilience, having the urban water cycle as the core. In these plans, urban services are included, given their interactions and contributions to city’s resilience. Addressed services are water supply, wastewater, storm water, waste, electric energy, and mobility. View Full-Text
Keywords: approach; climate change; action plan; resilience; innovation; capacity building; communication; data-sharing; city; urban services approach; climate change; action plan; resilience; innovation; capacity building; communication; data-sharing; city; urban services
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cardoso, M.A.; Telhado, M.J.; Almeida, M.d.C.; Brito, R.S.; Pereira, C.; Barreiro, J.; Morais, M. Following a Step by Step Development of a Resilience Action Plan. Sustainability 2020, 12, 9017. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219017

AMA Style

Cardoso MA, Telhado MJ, Almeida MdC, Brito RS, Pereira C, Barreiro J, Morais M. Following a Step by Step Development of a Resilience Action Plan. Sustainability. 2020; 12(21):9017. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219017

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cardoso, Maria A., Maria J. Telhado, Maria d.C. Almeida, Rita S. Brito, Cristina Pereira, João Barreiro, and Marco Morais. 2020. "Following a Step by Step Development of a Resilience Action Plan" Sustainability 12, no. 21: 9017. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219017

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