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Exploring Community Symbiotic Tourism Programs for the Utilization and Conservation of Ecology in Lava Stony Forest (Gotjawal) of Jeju Island, Korea

1
Department of Urban Environmental Research, Jeju Research Institute, Jeju 63147, Korea
2
School of Environmental Planning, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
3
Department of Economics, Jeju National University, Jeju 63243, Korea
4
Department of Future Strategy, Jeju Research Institute, Jeju 63147, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(20), 8371; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208371
Received: 22 September 2020 / Revised: 6 October 2020 / Accepted: 9 October 2020 / Published: 12 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Tourism, Culture, and Heritage)
According to our research findings, the future-oriented conservation of natural ecological resources in the Sahn-Yang Gotjawal area should be shaped and formed in a sustainable ecological way to improve the economy of the Sahn-Yang area. This study covers a systematic and quantitative assessment of the function, design, and purpose of establishing a regional eco-tourism program using the Sahn-Yang Gotjawal (Volcanic Lava Stony Forest) natural resources of Jeju Island, South Korea. Although citizens’ interest in Jeju Gotjawal has increased, reckless exploration and damage still occurred. There were improvements on the movement to preserve geological features and the ecosystem. However, unfortunately the negative effects of only seeking development opportunities without regard to the environment was realized as well. Through strengths, opportunities, aspirations, results (SOAR) analysis, various potential situations and conditions using the Sahn-Yang Gotjawal resources were analyzed with quantitative and qualitative techniques. In addition, through media analysis, the benefits and opportunities that the Gotjawal resources could provide the citizens were identified and the results were combined with SOAR analysis to present an integrated vision. In order to make wise use of Sahn-Yang Gotjawal, such as conserving, sustaining, and creating accessibility (guided by SESs), it is necessary to concentrate on the ‘strengths’ such as creating and maximizing attractions which can develop management programs such as preservation research and monitoring, as well as establishing sustainable usage of facilities such as visitors’ gathering spaces, exploration activities, and convenient facilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: Jeju Gotjawal; eco-tourism; community development; ecological resource management; Jeju Island; socio-ecological systems Jeju Gotjawal; eco-tourism; community development; ecological resource management; Jeju Island; socio-ecological systems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hong, C.-Y.; Yoon, R.; Hwang, J.-D.; Jwa, M.-S. Exploring Community Symbiotic Tourism Programs for the Utilization and Conservation of Ecology in Lava Stony Forest (Gotjawal) of Jeju Island, Korea. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8371. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208371

AMA Style

Hong C-Y, Yoon R, Hwang J-D, Jwa M-S. Exploring Community Symbiotic Tourism Programs for the Utilization and Conservation of Ecology in Lava Stony Forest (Gotjawal) of Jeju Island, Korea. Sustainability. 2020; 12(20):8371. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208371

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hong, Chang-Yu, Ran Yoon, Jung-Don Hwang, and Min-Seok Jwa. 2020. "Exploring Community Symbiotic Tourism Programs for the Utilization and Conservation of Ecology in Lava Stony Forest (Gotjawal) of Jeju Island, Korea" Sustainability 12, no. 20: 8371. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208371

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