Next Article in Journal
Complex Network Analysis of Transmission Mechanism for Sustainable Incentive Policies
Previous Article in Journal
Toward Sustainability of South African Small-Scale Fisheries Leveraging ICT Transformation Pathways
Open AccessArticle

Reflecting SDG 6.1 in Rural Water Supply Tariffs: Considering ‘Affordability’ Versus ‘Operations and Maintenance Costs’ in Malawi

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK
2
Department of Accounting and Finance, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0QU, UK
3
BASEFlow, Galaxy House, Blantyre, Malawi
4
Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Water Development, Government of Malawi, Tikwere House, Lilongwe, Malawi
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(2), 744; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020744
Received: 21 December 2019 / Revised: 12 January 2020 / Accepted: 14 January 2020 / Published: 20 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
Local tariffs in the form of household contributions are the primary financial mechanism to fund the maintenance of rural water supplies in Malawi. An investigation was conducted into the tariffs set by rural service providers to sustain drilled boreholes equipped with Afridev handpumps. A binary logistic regression analysis identified significant explanatory variables for the most common identified considerations when setting tariffs, ‘affordability’ and ‘operations and maintenance (O&M) costs’. The results demonstrate tariffs collected less frequently and usage above the design limit of the Afridev (300 users) had lower odds of considering affordability and higher odds of considering O&M costs, than those collected per month and within the design limit. The results further suggest a recognition by service providers of an increased maintenance challenge. High usage, acquiring spare parts, and the collection of tariffs when repairs are required indicate an increased likelihood of considering O&M costs, conversely to considering affordability. The balance of affordability and sustainable maintenance is a perpetual challenge under decentralised service delivery. Investment into ongoing support and supply chains is required for the financial and operational requirements of water supply, to ensure payments for services does not prevent access to clean water at the local level and to achieve the 2030 agenda. View Full-Text
Keywords: affordability; borehole; decentralisation; maintenance; management; service delivery; tariff affordability; borehole; decentralisation; maintenance; management; service delivery; tariff
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Truslove, J.P.; Coulson, A.B.; Nhlema, M.; Mbalame, E.; Kalin, R.M. Reflecting SDG 6.1 in Rural Water Supply Tariffs: Considering ‘Affordability’ Versus ‘Operations and Maintenance Costs’ in Malawi. Sustainability 2020, 12, 744.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop