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Multidimensional Poverty among Female Householders in Korea: Application of a Latent Class Model

Department of Home Economics Education, College of Education; Jeonju University, Jeonju 560-759, Korea
Sustainability 2020, 12(2), 701; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020701
Received: 21 November 2019 / Revised: 8 January 2020 / Accepted: 16 January 2020 / Published: 18 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
In this work, we examine poverty among vulnerable Korean female householders using a multidimensional concept with six dimensions: money, health, housing, employment, human relations, and social security. Taking data from the “Korea Welfare Panel Study 2015” by the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs and the Welfare Research Institute of Seoul National University, we apply latent class analysis to assess poverty among female householders using the Mplus8 software. The poverty indicator correlations are examined with Cramer’s V, and the differences in individual characteristics are analyzed through X2 and analysis of variance. The results show that the poor are composed of several groups with different characteristics. We divide the female householders into three main types, all likely to experience poverty in terms of money and employment. However, Type 1 shows a high probability of experiencing poverty in terms of money, employment, human relations, and health; when compared with Types 2 and 3, Type 1 poverty probability turns out to be higher for several indicators. Type 2 shows susceptibility to basic poverty, with a high probability of experiencing poverty in terms of money and employment. Lastly, Type 3 has a higher probability of health poverty than Types 1 and 2. View Full-Text
Keywords: female householders; latent class analysis; multidimensional poverty; Korea female householders; latent class analysis; multidimensional poverty; Korea
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Nam, S.-J. Multidimensional Poverty among Female Householders in Korea: Application of a Latent Class Model. Sustainability 2020, 12, 701.

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