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Open AccessArticle

Impact of Environmental Regulations on Environmental Quality and Public Health in China: Empirical Analysis with Panel Data Approach

by Liwei Tang 1,2,3, Ke Li 1,2,3 and Pinrong Jia 4,*
1
Key Laboratory of Computing and Stochastic Mathematics (Ministry of Education), Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
2
Key Laboratory of Applied Statistics and Data Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
3
School of Mathematics and Statistics, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
4
Beijing Research Center for Science of Science, Beijing 100054, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(2), 623; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020623
Received: 21 October 2019 / Revised: 27 December 2019 / Accepted: 11 January 2020 / Published: 15 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Air Pollution Management)
Achieving high-quality environmental development through environmental regulations and thus enhancing public health is a goal of the Chinese government. Based on the panel data of 30 Chinese provinces from 1998 to 2017, this study demonstrates the co-benefits of environmental regulations on air quality, water, and public health through a panel Granger causality model and mediation effect model. The findings indicate that environmental regulations have a Granger causal effect on public health costs and air and water pollution. Furthermore, the results from the mediation effect model suggest that waste gas treatment could improve air quality, thus reducing public health costs; wastewater treatments could not only reduce public health costs through improvement of the water environment but also increase social welfare. Additionally, air pollution exhibits a greater negative externality impact on health than water pollution. Thus, environmental regulation policies should pay more attention to air pollution control. The findings of this study indicate that environmental regulations have a significant co-benefit on high-quality environmental development and public health. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental high-quality development; health co-benefits; environmental regulations; mediation effect environmental high-quality development; health co-benefits; environmental regulations; mediation effect
MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, L.; Li, K.; Jia, P. Impact of Environmental Regulations on Environmental Quality and Public Health in China: Empirical Analysis with Panel Data Approach. Sustainability 2020, 12, 623.

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