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Open AccessCommentary

Towards Local Forms of Sprawl: A Brief Reflection on Mediterranean Urbanization

1
Department of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences (DAFNE), Tuscia University, I-01100 Viterbo, Italy
2
Department of Agriculture, University of Udine, I-33100 Udine, Italy
3
Department of Political Science, Third University of Rome, I-00145 Rome, Italy
4
Independent Researcher, 00154 Rome, Italy
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Mathematics, Computer Science and Economics Department, University of Basilicata, I-85100 Potenza, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(2), 582; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020582
Received: 18 December 2019 / Revised: 7 January 2020 / Accepted: 9 January 2020 / Published: 13 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Growth and Demographic Dynamics)
Urban sprawl is a complex phenomenon that requires a comprehensive reflection on the most significant patterns and underlying processes. While the “sprawl” notion parallels hegemonic concepts such as economic competitiveness, social cohesion, and polycentric development, an integrated analysis of sprawl patterns and processes in paradigmatic socioeconomic contexts is increasingly required to reconcile different disciplinary visions, contributing to a holistic interpretation of metropolitan change. At the same time, sprawl is an increasingly evident product of local socioeconomic contexts all over the world. A comprehensive investigation of multifaceted, form–function relationships underlying sprawl—based on a quali-quantitative analysis of representative cases—is a crucial pre-requisite of both monitoring and policy actions at multiple spatial scales, from urban/regional to national/continental levels. The present contribution proposes a contextualization of the sprawl notion in Southern Europe—a socioeconomic context characterized by compact and continuous urbanization for a long time. An integrated approach based on a visual analysis of urban and peri-urban landscapes—integrated with an extended literature survey—allows for a definition of a specific sprawl model in Southern Europe, sharing some features with the United States ideal type of sprawl and showing peculiarities with respect to common models of urban dispersion typical of Northern and Western Europe. Policies aimed at containing urban dispersion may definitely benefit from a local-based definition of sprawl, considering the specificity of form–function relationships and the underlying socioeconomic context. View Full-Text
Keywords: exurban development; dispersed settlements; urban planning; urban design; population trends; Southern Europe exurban development; dispersed settlements; urban planning; urban design; population trends; Southern Europe
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Egidi, G.; Cividino, S.; Vinci, S.; Sateriano, A.; Salvia, R. Towards Local Forms of Sprawl: A Brief Reflection on Mediterranean Urbanization. Sustainability 2020, 12, 582.

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