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Article

Challenges and Potential Solutions for Sustainable Urban-Rural Linkages in a Ghanaian Context

1
United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS), Tokyo 150-8925, Japan
2
Institute for Future Initiatives (IFI), The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 133-8654, Japan
3
Institute for Environment and Sanitation Studies, College of Basic and Applied Sciences, University of Ghana (UG), Accra LG 209, Ghana
4
Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Kanagawa 240-0115, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(2), 507; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020507
Received: 5 December 2019 / Revised: 31 December 2019 / Accepted: 7 January 2020 / Published: 9 January 2020
Urban-rural linkages are an integral part of fostering development in both urban and rural communities. However, the focus on development tends to have an urban bias toward Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) with an increase in urbanization. Ghana is one of the fastest urbanizing countries in SSA. This paper sought to identify the challenges of urban-rural linkages, their corresponding solutions, and contributions to Agenda 2030 that are context-specific to Ghana through a stepwise solution scanning technique. In step 1, the study applied a scoping process to identify the urban-rural challenges. In step 2, a solution for the identified urban-rural challenges in step 1 was co-designed. In step 3, each identified solution was assessed based on its potential to contribute to all three pillars of sustainability by ranking and prioritization. In step 4, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) interlinkages of the top five prioritized potential solutions were analyzed. The identified challenges were (1) inequality and gender gaps, (2) poor and lack of basic and economic infrastructures, (3) the limited effectiveness of decentralization, and (4) food and nutrition security dynamics. The prioritized potential solutions were gender inclusiveness, investment in infrastructures, sustainable agricultural systems, effective decentralization, and financial inclusion. This study recommends maximizing the synergies and minimizing the trade-offs between the SDGs of the potential solutions identified. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban-rural linkages; potential solutions; sustainable development; sub-Saharan Africa; Ghana urban-rural linkages; potential solutions; sustainable development; sub-Saharan Africa; Ghana
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MDPI and ACS Style

Somanje, A.N.; Mohan, G.; Lopes, J.; Mensah, A.; Gordon, C.; Zhou, X.; Moinuddin, M.; Saito, O.; Takeuchi, K. Challenges and Potential Solutions for Sustainable Urban-Rural Linkages in a Ghanaian Context. Sustainability 2020, 12, 507. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020507

AMA Style

Somanje AN, Mohan G, Lopes J, Mensah A, Gordon C, Zhou X, Moinuddin M, Saito O, Takeuchi K. Challenges and Potential Solutions for Sustainable Urban-Rural Linkages in a Ghanaian Context. Sustainability. 2020; 12(2):507. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020507

Chicago/Turabian Style

Somanje, Albert Novas, Geetha Mohan, Julia Lopes, Adelina Mensah, Christopher Gordon, Xin Zhou, Mustafa Moinuddin, Osamu Saito, and Kazuhiko Takeuchi. 2020. "Challenges and Potential Solutions for Sustainable Urban-Rural Linkages in a Ghanaian Context" Sustainability 12, no. 2: 507. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020507

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