Next Article in Journal
Research on Population Development in Ethnic Minority Areas in the Context of China’s Population Strategy Adjustment
Next Article in Special Issue
Wild Food Plant Gathering among Kalasha, Yidgha, Nuristani and Khowar Speakers in Chitral, NW Pakistan
Previous Article in Journal
Problems of Access to Services at Railway Stations in Freight Transport in the Slovak Republic
Previous Article in Special Issue
Exploring Plant-Based Ethnomedicine and Quantitative Ethnopharmacology: Medicinal Plants Utilized by the Population of Jasrota Hill in Western Himalaya
Article

Originalities of Willow of Salix atrocinerea Brot. in Mediterranean Europe

1
Department of Landscape, Environment and Planning, Mediterranean Institute for Agriculture, Environment and Development (MED), School of Science and Technology—Universidade de Évora, Rua Romão Ramalho, n° 59, P-7000-671 Évora, Portugal
2
Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Campus de Gambelas, University of Algarve, P-8005-139 Faro, Portugal
3
CCMAR—Centre of Marine Sciences (CCMAR), Campus de Gambelas, University of Algarve, P-8005-139 Faro, Portugal
4
Department of Animal and Plant Biology and Ecology, Section of Botany, University of Jaén, Campus Universitario Las Lagunillas s/n., 23071 Jaén, Spain
5
Department of Agraria, “Mediterranea” University of Reggio Calabria, Loc. Feo di Vito, 89122 Reggio Calabria, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(19), 8019; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198019
Received: 21 July 2020 / Revised: 19 September 2020 / Accepted: 27 September 2020 / Published: 28 September 2020
Willow communities (genus Salix) occurring in Mediterranean Europe are presented, showing, through statistical treatment with multivariate cluster analysis, the separation of the different plant communities and their sintaxonomic affiliation. Six willow communities have been identified, whose formations include a set of plants with high heritage value. We highlight plants with legal protection status (Annex IV and II of the Habitats Directive-92/43/EEC), endemic, rare, and endangered species such as Salix salviifolia subsp. australis, Cheirolophus uliginosus, Euphorbia uliginosa and Leuzea longifolia. Therefore, two new willow communities are proposed for the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. The first dominated by Salix atrocinerea, Frangulo baticae-Salicetum atrocinereae ass. nova of ribatagan distribution, under acid substrates, thermomediterranean to lower mesomediterranean, dry to sub-humid. The second, dominated by the endemic Salix salviifolia subsp. australis, Clematis flammulae-Salicetum australis distributed in the Algarve, developing on neutral-basic substrates, exclusively thermomediterranous, dry to sub-humid. In both cases, there are presented on their own floristic serial, ecology, and substitution steps. A new hygrophytic meadows was also identified dominated by Molinia caerulea subsp. arundinaceae, Cheirolopho uliginosii-Molinietum arundinaceae ass. new hoc loco, which lives on substrates rich in organic matter, exclusive to the Ribatagano Sector. Through the deepening of knowledge about the composition and dynamics of riparian vegetation, it is possible to adapt management methods to sustain and protect these important edafo-hygrophilic systems in the Mediterranean. View Full-Text
Keywords: cluster analysis; geobotany; peatland; phytosociology; willow forest; Sardinia; southwest of Iberian Peninsula cluster analysis; geobotany; peatland; phytosociology; willow forest; Sardinia; southwest of Iberian Peninsula
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Raposo, M.; Quinto-Canas, R.; Cano-Ortiz, A.; Spampinato, G.; Pinto Gomes, C. Originalities of Willow of Salix atrocinerea Brot. in Mediterranean Europe. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8019. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198019

AMA Style

Raposo M, Quinto-Canas R, Cano-Ortiz A, Spampinato G, Pinto Gomes C. Originalities of Willow of Salix atrocinerea Brot. in Mediterranean Europe. Sustainability. 2020; 12(19):8019. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198019

Chicago/Turabian Style

Raposo, Mauro, Ricardo Quinto-Canas, Ana Cano-Ortiz, Giovanni Spampinato, and Carlos Pinto Gomes. 2020. "Originalities of Willow of Salix atrocinerea Brot. in Mediterranean Europe" Sustainability 12, no. 19: 8019. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198019

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop