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Open AccessArticle

Conditions for Co-Creation in Infrastructure Projects: Experiences from the Overdiepse Polder Project (The Netherlands)

1
Department of Spatial Planning and Environment, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, Landleven 1, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands
2
Rijkswaterstaat, Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management, 3526 LA Utrecht, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7736; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187736
Received: 30 June 2020 / Revised: 15 September 2020 / Accepted: 16 September 2020 / Published: 18 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Planning Resilient Community: Public Participation and Governance)
In recent decades, stakeholder engagement had been gaining momentum in planning practice. More recently, at the heart of the discussions about collaborative endeavours stands the concept of co-creation, an umbrella term for multiple forms of collaboration between stakeholders, which is seen as an approach for fostering new and innovative solutions for highly complex challenges. Despite this idyllic representation, co-creation does not always lead to positive outcomes. One reason is that co-creation poses major operationalization challenges, which make it a significant subject for research. In this article, we explore the conditions that allow co-creation practices aimed at fostering innovation and creativity in infrastructure projects to take place and flourish. Based on the review of literature on co-creation, on the analysis of project-related documents, and on in-depth, semi-structured interviews with the stakeholders, this article follows the co-creation process of the Overdiepse polder project, part of the innovative Dutch water management programme ‘Room for the River’. The results show that co-creation is an iterative process that depends on conditions related to the context, the characteristics of the stakeholders and their relationships, but also on the design and dynamics of the process. The results of this study can be of help to researchers, academics, and professionals interested in studying or applying co-creative approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: co-creation; infrastructure planning; public sector innovation; stakeholder involvement; participatory planning; climate resilience co-creation; infrastructure planning; public sector innovation; stakeholder involvement; participatory planning; climate resilience
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rădulescu, M.A.; Leendertse, W.; Arts, J. Conditions for Co-Creation in Infrastructure Projects: Experiences from the Overdiepse Polder Project (The Netherlands). Sustainability 2020, 12, 7736. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187736

AMA Style

Rădulescu MA, Leendertse W, Arts J. Conditions for Co-Creation in Infrastructure Projects: Experiences from the Overdiepse Polder Project (The Netherlands). Sustainability. 2020; 12(18):7736. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187736

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rădulescu, Maria A.; Leendertse, Wim; Arts, Jos. 2020. "Conditions for Co-Creation in Infrastructure Projects: Experiences from the Overdiepse Polder Project (The Netherlands)" Sustainability 12, no. 18: 7736. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187736

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