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Article

The Relationship between Self-Esteem and Achievement Goals in University Students: The Mediating and Moderating Role of Defensive Pessimism

1
Department of Psychology, University of A Coruña, 15071 A Coruña, Spain
2
Faculty of Psychology, University of Oviedo, 33003 Oviedo, Spain
3
Department of Pedagogy and Didactics, University of Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7531; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187531
Received: 17 August 2020 / Revised: 3 September 2020 / Accepted: 10 September 2020 / Published: 12 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Academic Motivation, Performance and Student Well-Being)
Although achievement goals have been the subject of much study about their implications for learning and performance, interest has been less marked in understanding their precursors, particularly those linked to students’ personal characteristics. In this study, we examine the role of a defensive pessimism strategy as a mediator and moderator of the relationships between self-esteem and achievement goals in a sample of 1028 university students. Analysis of mediation and moderation was performed using the PROCESS macro within SPSS. The results showed that defensive pessimism partially mediates and moderates the effect of self-esteem on approach goals (learning and performance). We found no significant mediation or moderation effect for defensive pessimism in the relationship between self-esteem and performance-avoidance goals. These findings suggest that defensive pessimism is an effective strategy to encourage motivational involvement in students with low self-esteem in the academic context. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-esteem; achievement goals; defensive pessimism; self-worth; university students self-esteem; achievement goals; defensive pessimism; self-worth; university students
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferradás, M.d.M.; Freire, C.; Núñez, J.C.; Regueiro, B. The Relationship between Self-Esteem and Achievement Goals in University Students: The Mediating and Moderating Role of Defensive Pessimism. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7531. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187531

AMA Style

Ferradás MdM, Freire C, Núñez JC, Regueiro B. The Relationship between Self-Esteem and Achievement Goals in University Students: The Mediating and Moderating Role of Defensive Pessimism. Sustainability. 2020; 12(18):7531. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187531

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ferradás, María d.M., Carlos Freire, José C. Núñez, and Bibiana Regueiro. 2020. "The Relationship between Self-Esteem and Achievement Goals in University Students: The Mediating and Moderating Role of Defensive Pessimism" Sustainability 12, no. 18: 7531. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187531

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