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Article

Traceability of Ready-to-Wear Clothing through Blockchain Technology

1
Department of Chemical Engineering and Textile, University of Salamanca, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
2
Department of Applied Mathematics, Institute of Fundamental Physics and Mathematics, University of Salamanca, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
3
Institute of Physical and Information Technologies (ITEFI), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), 28006 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7491; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187491
Received: 11 July 2020 / Revised: 5 September 2020 / Accepted: 7 September 2020 / Published: 11 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Digital Supply Chain and Sustainability)
Traceability and monitoring of industrial processes are becoming more important to assure the value of final products. Blockchain technology emerged as part of a movement linked to criptocurrencies and the Internet of Things, providing nice-to-have features such as traceability, authenticity and security to sectors willing to use this technology. In the retail industry, blockchain offers users the possibility to monitor details about time and place of elaboration, the origin of raw materials, the quality of materials involved in the manufacturing processes, information on the people or companies that work on it, etc. It allows to control and monitor textile articles, from their production or importing initial steps, up to their acquisition by the end consumer, using the blockchain as a means of tracking and identification during the whole process. This technology can also be used by the apparel industry in general and, more specifically, for ready-to-wear clothing, for tracing suppliers and customers along the entire logistics chain. The goal of this paper is to introduce the more recent traceability schemes for the apparel industry together with the proposal of a framework for ready-to-wear clothing which allows to ensure the transparency in the supply chain, clothing authenticity, reliability and integrity, and validity of the retail final products, and of the elements that compose the whole supply chain. In order to illustrate the proposal, a case study on a women’s shirt from an apparel and fashion company, where a private and open blockchain is used for tracing the product, is included. Blockchain actors are proposed for each product stage. View Full-Text
Keywords: blockchain; traceability; textile and clothing industry; ready-to-wear clothing; supply chain blockchain; traceability; textile and clothing industry; ready-to-wear clothing; supply chain
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bullón Pérez, J.J.; Queiruga-Dios, A.; Gayoso Martínez, V.; Martín del Rey, Á. Traceability of Ready-to-Wear Clothing through Blockchain Technology. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7491. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187491

AMA Style

Bullón Pérez JJ, Queiruga-Dios A, Gayoso Martínez V, Martín del Rey Á. Traceability of Ready-to-Wear Clothing through Blockchain Technology. Sustainability. 2020; 12(18):7491. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187491

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bullón Pérez, Juan J.; Queiruga-Dios, Araceli; Gayoso Martínez, Víctor; Martín del Rey, Ángel. 2020. "Traceability of Ready-to-Wear Clothing through Blockchain Technology" Sustainability 12, no. 18: 7491. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187491

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