Next Article in Journal
Can We Understand Non-Tourism as a Form of Sustainable Tourism? The Role of Lifestyle and Motivations behind Non-Traveling Based on the Hungarian Example
Next Article in Special Issue
Evaluating Cost Trade-Offs between Hydropower and Fish Passage Mitigation
Previous Article in Journal
Entrepreneurial Experience and Performance: From the Aspect of Sustainable Growth of Enterprises
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effect of Residents’ Involvement with Small Hydropower Projects on Environmental Awareness
Open AccessReview

Archimedes Screw Turbines: A Sustainable Development Solution for Green and Renewable Energy Generation—A Review of Potential and Design Procedures

School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7352; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187352
Received: 7 August 2020 / Revised: 4 September 2020 / Accepted: 4 September 2020 / Published: 8 September 2020
Archimedes Screws Turbines (ASTs) are a new form of small hydroelectric powerplant that can be applied even in low head sites. ASTs offer a clean and renewable source of energy and are safer for wildlife and especially fish than other hydro generation options. As with other energy solutions, ASTs are not a global solution for all situations. However, in terms of sustainable development, ASTs can offer many economic, social, and environmental advantages that make them an important option for providing sustainable hydropower development. Archimedes screws can operate in low water heads (less than about 5 m) and a range of flow rates with practical efficiencies of 60% to 80% and can generate up to 355 kW of power. ASTs increase the number of suitable sites where it is possible to develop sustainable hydropower, including in undeveloped, hard to access regions and small communities. At many low head sites, ASTs may be more cost-effective, with lower installation and operating costs than alternative hydropower systems. An AST may also reduce the disturbance of natural sedimentation and erosion processes and have smaller impacts on fish and other fauna. ASTs can often be retrofit to existing unpowered dams or weirs, providing new hydropower capacity for very little marginal environmental impact. This review outlines the characteristics of ASTs, then discusses and analyzes how they could benefit the sustainability of hydropower development. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; Archimedes screw turbine/generator; small/micro/pico hydropower plant; run of river powerplant; fish friendly turbine; low head hydropower sustainable development; Archimedes screw turbine/generator; small/micro/pico hydropower plant; run of river powerplant; fish friendly turbine; low head hydropower
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

YoosefDoost, A.; Lubitz, W.D. Archimedes Screw Turbines: A Sustainable Development Solution for Green and Renewable Energy Generation—A Review of Potential and Design Procedures. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7352.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop