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Management of Slum-Based Urban Farming and Economic Empowerment of the Community of Makassar City, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

1
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Engineering, University Bosowa Makassar, Makassar City 90231, Indonesia
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Department of Urban Ecology, Faculty of Engineering, University Bosowa Makassar, Makassar City 90231, Indonesia
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Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Agriculture, University Bosowa Makassar, Makassar City 90231, Indonesia
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Department of Agricultural Socio-Economic, Faculty of Agriculture, University Bosowa Makassar, Makassar City 90231, Indonesia
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Department of Agricultural Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, University Bosowa Makassar, Makassar City 90231, Indonesia
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Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Engineering, University Muhammadiyah Bulukumba, South Sulawesi 92511, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7324; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187324
Received: 22 July 2020 / Revised: 26 August 2020 / Accepted: 2 September 2020 / Published: 7 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Social Ecology and Sustainability)
The handling of slums based on urban farming and community empowerment is oriented toward improving the welfare and independence of the community. This study aimed to (1) analyze the influence of business motivation, human resource capacity, community participation, and economic business management on the economic empowerment in the handling of slums; (2) analyze the direct and indirect effects of urban farming, community capacity, and capital support efforts to improve the welfare and independence of the community; and (3) formulate a sustainability model for community-based slum management in the Metro Tanjung Bunga area. The research approach used was a sequential explanatory design, which is a combination of quantitative and qualitative research, and data were obtained through observation, surveys, in-depth interviews, and documentation. The research findings show that business motivation, human resource capacity, community participation, and economic business management have a significant effect on economic empowerment. The direct influence of urban farming increases the welfare of the community by 27.66%, strengthens the capacity of the community to increase welfare by 55.95%, and provides business capital support to improve community welfare by 36.72%. Urban farming, community capacity-building, and business capital support provide a positive effect on improving the welfare and independence of the community in slums. Sustainability in slum settlements includes infrastructure, developing economic potential, and community participation. View Full-Text
Keywords: slum; urban farming; economic empowerment; economic productivity; people’s autonomy slum; urban farming; economic empowerment; economic productivity; people’s autonomy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Surya, B.; Syafri, S.; Hadijah, H.; Baharuddin, B.; Fitriyah, A.T.; Sakti, H.H. Management of Slum-Based Urban Farming and Economic Empowerment of the Community of Makassar City, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7324. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187324

AMA Style

Surya B, Syafri S, Hadijah H, Baharuddin B, Fitriyah AT, Sakti HH. Management of Slum-Based Urban Farming and Economic Empowerment of the Community of Makassar City, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Sustainability. 2020; 12(18):7324. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187324

Chicago/Turabian Style

Surya, Batara; Syafri, Syafri; Hadijah, Hadijah; Baharuddin, Baharuddin; Fitriyah, Andi T.; Sakti, Harry H. 2020. "Management of Slum-Based Urban Farming and Economic Empowerment of the Community of Makassar City, South Sulawesi, Indonesia" Sustainability 12, no. 18: 7324. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187324

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