A Systematic Literature Review. Relationships between the Sharing Economy, Sustainability and Sustainable Development Goals
1. Introduction and Theorical Framework
- Digital economy: Digital economy means economic activity, with the help of mobile technology and the internet of things (IoT), that results from billions of everyday online connections among people, businesses, devices, machines, data and processes .
- Peer economy: Peer-to-peer economy refers to the business between customer and customer without any intermediaries. They can buy and sell products and services from each other .
- Gig economy: Gig economy means temporary, project-based and flexible jobs. Companies that hire independent contractors and freelancers instead of full-time employees are part of this so-called gig economy .
- Collaborative consumption: This is the peer-to-peer based activity of obtaining, giving or sharing access to goods and services, coordinated through community-based online services .
- Digital sharing economy: A digital sharing economy is a resource allocation system, based on sharing practices, that is enabled by information and communication technology (ICT) and coordinated through participation of individuals and possibly commercial organisations (businesses) with the aim of providing temporary access to resources that involve either direct or indirect monetary value .
- Environmental dimension: increasing resource efficiency, responsible use of resources, no harmful environmental impacts or emissions and increasing environmental well-being.
- Social dimension: safeguarding health and safety, respecting laws and regulations, respecting employees and stakeholders’ rights and ethical principles, no harmful impacts and increasing social well-being.
- Economic dimension: increasing cost-efficiency, increasing profits and business opportunities, operational stability and risk reduction, increasing attractiveness, increasing economic well-being.
2. Materials and Methods
- Planning the review. It includes the identification of the topic and the preparation of the review.
- Conducting a review. It includes the identification of research, selection of studies, study quality assessment, data extraction and data synthesis.
- Reporting and dissemination. It includes the report, recommendation and evidence.
- Planning the review. Identification of research objectives.
- Conducting a review.
- Materials search; in this step, keywords were identified, and databases selected.
- Selection; this step defines the inclusion and exclusion criteria.
- Descriptive analysis; for a general view, the selected papers are described and their quality analysed.
- Content analysis; the selected papers are studied in depth.
- Reporting and dissemination. It includes a comparison of the literature, a discussion and gaps found for academics and practitioners.
Paper Acquisition and Selection Phase
3. Descriptive Analysis
3.1. Papers by Time
3.2. Papers by Journal
3.3. Papers by Topic
4. Content Analysis
- The circular economy and collaborative economy are two of the business models most studied in the sharing economy and sustainability.
- Sustainability is considered as one of the motivations of people for using the sharing economy, in addition to cost or trust.
- The major sector studied in the collaborative economy is accommodation through the company Airbnb.
4.1. Impact of Sharing Economy in Sustainability
- Impact of the sharing economy in the environment.
- Value of sustainability for the decision of the customer about the use of the sharing economy.
- Business practices of sharing economy companies regarding sustainability.Urban impact of sharing economy companies.
4.2. Impact of Sharing Economy in SDGs
- Impact of the sharing economy in the environment.
- Business practices of sharing economy companies regarding SDGs.
- Urban impact of sharing economy companies regarding SDGs.
- Transversal category that includes different topics of all SDGs.
Conflicts of Interest
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|Economy||SDG 8, 9, 10, 12|
|Society||SDG 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 11, 16|
|Environment||SDG 6, 13, 14, 15|
|To identify the theoretical framework of the sharing economy|
|To identify the main lines of research between the sharing economy and sustainability|
|To identify the main lines of research between the sharing economy and SDGs|
|To compare the literature between the sharing economy and sustainability of SDGs|
|Initial Inclusion Criteria|
|Documents included in the Web of Science (all databases)|
|Setting the Inclusion Criteria|
|(1) ‘sharing OR collaborative OR platform economy’ AND sustainability—2013 to May 2020|
|(2) ‘sharing OR collaborative OR platform economy’ AND ‘sustainable development goals OR SDG’—From 2015 to May 2020|
|(3) Relevant documents from the bibliography of selected papers|
|Applying the Exclusion Criteria|
|After the reading of title and abstracts, only papers that were focused on the sharing economy and sustainability or the sharing economy and SDGs were selected.|
|In-depth analysis and classification of papers by topics and sectors of activity.|
|Comparison between results of the sharing economy and sustainability or SDGs|
|Critical Discussion and Futures Lines or Research|
|Keywords Used||(‘Sharing or Collaborative or Platform Economy’) and (‘Sustainability’).||(‘Sharing or Collaborative or Platform Economy’) and (‘Sustainable Development Goals or SDG’).|
|Searched by…||Topic||All words.|
|Date range||2010 to May 2020||2010 to May 2020|
|Number of papers||158||153|
|Criterion||Sharing and Sustainability||Sharing and SDG|
|First criterion: focus on the abstracts and title||Abstracts focusing on the sharing economy and sustainability have been included.||Abstracts focusing on the sharing economy and SDGs have been included.|
|Second criterion: focus on the papers||Papers focusing on the sharing economy and sustainability have been included.||Papers focusing on the sharing economy and SDGs have been included.|
|Third criterion: cited references||Papers not included in the Web of Science but that appeared in the bibliography of selected papers|
|Journal||Papers Sustainability||Papers SDG||Impact Factor JCR—Index 5 Years|
|African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure||1||9.1%||0.37|
|Agriculture and Human Values||1||1.8%||3.41|
|Brazilian Administration Review||1||1.8%||0.4|
|Current Issues in Tourism||1||1.8%||4.14|
|Environment and Behavior||1||1.8%||4.26|
|European Transport Research Review||1||1.8%||2.25|
|Interaction Design and Architecture(s)||1||9.1%||0.64|
|International Journal of Consumer Studies||3||5.3%||1.74|
|International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing||1||9.1%||0.43|
|International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research||2||3.5%||1.25|
|Journal of Business Research||1||1.8%||5.35|
|Journal of Cleaner Production||6||10.5%||1||9.1%||7.1|
|Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management||1||1.8%||1.97|
|Journal of Intellectual Capital||1||9.1%||5.33|
|Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice||1||1.8%||1.63|
|Journal of Sustainable Tourism||1||1.8%||2||18.2%||3.67|
|Psychology and Marketing||2||3.5%||2.38|
|Resources Conservation and Recycling||1||1.8%||8.08|
|Science of Total Environment||1||1.8%||6.55|
|Sustainable Production and Consumption||1||1.8%||3.77|
|Technological Forecasting and Social Change||5||8.8%||4.85|
|Tourism and Hospitality Research||1||1.8%||1.67|
|Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment||2||3.5%||4.75|
|Urban Policy and Research||1||1.8%||1.81|
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Boar, A.; Bastida, R.; Marimon, F. A Systematic Literature Review. Relationships between the Sharing Economy, Sustainability and Sustainable Development Goals. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6744. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12176744
Boar A, Bastida R, Marimon F. A Systematic Literature Review. Relationships between the Sharing Economy, Sustainability and Sustainable Development Goals. Sustainability. 2020; 12(17):6744. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12176744Chicago/Turabian Style
Boar, Andrei, Ramon Bastida, and Frederic Marimon. 2020. "A Systematic Literature Review. Relationships between the Sharing Economy, Sustainability and Sustainable Development Goals" Sustainability 12, no. 17: 6744. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12176744