Next Article in Journal
Monetary Valuation and Internalization of Externalities in German Agriculture Using the Example of Nitrate Pollution: A Case-Study
Previous Article in Journal
Using Wastes from the Process of Blasting with Steel Shot to Make a Radiation Shield in Mortar
Open AccessArticle

Sustainability in Community Building: Framing Design Thinking Using a Complex Adaptive Systems Perspective

by Tao Shen 1,* and Chan Gao 2
1
College of Design and Innovation, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
2
Engineering College, Huzhou University, Huzhou 313000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(16), 6679; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166679
Received: 4 July 2020 / Revised: 11 August 2020 / Accepted: 17 August 2020 / Published: 18 August 2020
Complex adaptive systems (CAS) theory is acquiring mainstream recognition in sustainable community building. In this paper, we bring the applicability of CAS theory into sharper focus, highlighting its potential for integrating complexity and adaptivity of community into a structured body of knowledge while also providing a thought pattern for generating, implementing and validating new design ideas. Therefore, this paper aims to propose a framework of design thinking that uses a CAS perspective to aid designers in conceiving new community building design ideas efficiently. Next, this paper presents the results of a cognitive design experiment where functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and extended protocol analysis methods were combined to examine the validities of the proposed design thinking framework in community building. The results show that the Agent-Interaction-Adaptation (AIA) design thinking framework has the ability to promote designers’ extension of idea space, brain activation and idea quality in contrast to a traditional design thinking framework, but it did not significantly increase the designers’ idea quantity. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; community building; CAS theory; design thinking sustainability; community building; CAS theory; design thinking
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Shen, T.; Gao, C. Sustainability in Community Building: Framing Design Thinking Using a Complex Adaptive Systems Perspective. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6679.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop