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Article

Immigrant Entrepreneurship in Sweden: The Liability of Newness

Center for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning research (CIEL), Halmstad University, Box 823, 301 18 Halmstad, Sweden
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Sustainability 2020, 12(16), 6478; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166478
Received: 30 June 2020 / Revised: 5 August 2020 / Accepted: 7 August 2020 / Published: 11 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Small and Family Business Sustainability and Resilience)
Immigrant entrepreneurs face many challenges in the various early phases of their companies’ existence. These challenges are often referred to as “the liability of newness”. While some of these challenges are common to all entrepreneurs, the immigrant entrepreneur has an additional set of challenges. This article describes those challenges in the immigrant entrepreneurial experience in the Swedish agri-food industry. A qualitative research design is used. Interviews were conducted with 25 immigrant entrepreneurs who planned a business, had started a business, or had exited a business. Various websites and tax reports provided secondary data. The research, which covered a two-year time frame, identifies the strategies and actions the immigrant entrepreneurs adopted and used to try to overcome those challenges. The following strategies and actions were identified: use of business support, virtual embeddedness, family and ethnic groups, entrepreneurial experience, and niche markets. The companies in which the entrepreneurs recognized the gravity of those challenges early in their life cycle were more likely to survive beyond the start-up phase. The article, which also reviews much of the current literature on immigrant entrepreneurship, has implications for business support advisory services and policymakers who are involved in the effort to achieve economic (and social-cultural) integration of immigrants into their host countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: immigrant entrepreneurs; liability of newness; survivability; niche market; virtual embeddedness; previous experience immigrant entrepreneurs; liability of newness; survivability; niche market; virtual embeddedness; previous experience
MDPI and ACS Style

Barth, H.; Zalkat, G. Immigrant Entrepreneurship in Sweden: The Liability of Newness. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6478. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166478

AMA Style

Barth H, Zalkat G. Immigrant Entrepreneurship in Sweden: The Liability of Newness. Sustainability. 2020; 12(16):6478. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166478

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barth, Henrik, and Ghazal Zalkat. 2020. "Immigrant Entrepreneurship in Sweden: The Liability of Newness" Sustainability 12, no. 16: 6478. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166478

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