Next Article in Journal
Changes in Tongue Kissing in Hook-Ups after COVID-19
Previous Article in Journal
Construction and Metabolism of Cultural Landscapes for Sustainability in the Anthropocene
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effect of Seed Meals on Weed Control and Soil Physical Properties in Direct-Seeded Pumpkin
Open AccessArticle

Composted Chicken Manure for Anaerobic Soil Disinfestation Increased the Strawberry Yield and Shifted the Soil Microbial Communities

1
Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China
2
Beijing Innovation Consortium of Agriculture Research System, Beijing 100029, China
3
Integrated and Urban Phytopathology Laboratory, University of Liege, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Passage des Deportes 2, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(16), 6313; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166313
Received: 29 May 2020 / Revised: 20 July 2020 / Accepted: 23 July 2020 / Published: 5 August 2020
Anaerobic soil disinfestation (ASD), as a bio-fumigation technology, has been developed to control soil-borne pests. There is increasing evidence showing that carbon sources and cover tarps play an important role in the ASD suppression of soil-borne pests, but little is known about the effect of composted chicken manure (CCM) and totally impermeable films (TIF) against soil-borne pests in the strawberry production system. In experiments, the colonies of Fusarium spp. and Phytophthora spp., which are recognized to cause strawberry soil-borne diseases, decreased significantly after ASD. The soil promoted a significant increase in ammonium nitrogen, nitrate-nitrogen and organic matter, but a decrease in oxidation-reduction potential after ASD. Besides, the strawberry plant height, stem thickness and yield were significantly higher than in the non-amended soil. Compared to the untreated control, ASD, both at 6 and 12 ton/ha of CCM, significantly (p = 0.05) increased strawberry marketable yield and income. The economic benefit could be due to the suppression of soil-borne diseases and the improvement of soil nutrition. The soil bacterial and fungal diversity and richness increased after soil fumigation. The increased presence of biological control agents led to the suppression of soil-borne pathogens. In summary, ASD with CCM amendments could be applied in pre-plant fumigation to control strawberry soil-borne pests, strengthen soil fertility, improve crop yield and increase growers’ income. View Full-Text
Keywords: anaerobic soil disinfestation; soil physical and chemical indicators; strawberry yield; soil microbiota anaerobic soil disinfestation; soil physical and chemical indicators; strawberry yield; soil microbiota
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Song, Z.; Massart, S.; Yan, D.; Cheng, H.; Eck, M.; Berhal, C.; Ouyang, C.; Li, Y.; Wang, Q.; Cao, A. Composted Chicken Manure for Anaerobic Soil Disinfestation Increased the Strawberry Yield and Shifted the Soil Microbial Communities. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6313.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop