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Article

Wastelands, Greenways and Gentrification: Introducing a Comparative Framework with a Focus on Detroit, USA

1
Department of Behavioral Sciences, The University of Michigan-Dearborn, 4901 Evergreen Rd., Dearborn, MI 48128, USA
2
Institute of Geography, Humboldt University Berlin, Rudower Chaussee 16, 12489 Berlin, Germany
3
Department of Natural Sciences, The University of Michigan-Dearborn, 4901 Evergreen Rd., Dearborn, MI 48128, USA
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Department of Social Sciences, The University of Michigan-Dearborn, 4901 Evergreen Rd., Dearborn, MI 48128, USA
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Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86005, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(15), 6189; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156189
Received: 9 July 2020 / Revised: 14 July 2020 / Accepted: 24 July 2020 / Published: 31 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Concepts for Regeneration of Industrial Cities)
Vacant, abandoned or unproductive land parcels, sometimes called “wastelands”, offer opportunities to create new green spaces in cities. Such spaces may be utilized to add to the stock of urban nature, expand recreational green space, promote real estate or commercial development, or simply remain undefined. These various trajectories have significant implications for population health, ecosystem services and real estate values. However, they may also contribute to inequitable outcomes. Are disadvantaged communities, which may be paradoxically rich in wastelands, more advantaged when green space redevelopment occurs, or are they more at risk of green gentrification and associated displacement? To address this question, we first review some of the literature relative to wastelands, especially as they relate to processes of urban change such as depopulation, land use planning, regrowth and gentrification. We utilize historical redlining maps, the Detroit Master Plan and projected land use scenarios from the Detroit Future City (DFC) Strategic Framework Plan to identify areas of vulnerability or possibility within walking distance of the proposed Joe Louis Greenway (JLG). Finally, we consider how wastelands situated along the JLG may be reframed as flexible opportunity spaces, their potential leveraged to advance environmental justice, economic opportunity, and social equity, especially as the City of Detroit takes socioeconomic and racial equity as a key orienting principle—an alternative to green gentrification that we call green reparations. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban sustainability; cultural landscapes; urban greenspaces; urban ecology; urban regeneration urban sustainability; cultural landscapes; urban greenspaces; urban ecology; urban regeneration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Draus, P.; Haase, D.; Napieralski, J.; Sparks, A.; Qureshi, S.; Roddy, J. Wastelands, Greenways and Gentrification: Introducing a Comparative Framework with a Focus on Detroit, USA. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6189. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156189

AMA Style

Draus P, Haase D, Napieralski J, Sparks A, Qureshi S, Roddy J. Wastelands, Greenways and Gentrification: Introducing a Comparative Framework with a Focus on Detroit, USA. Sustainability. 2020; 12(15):6189. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156189

Chicago/Turabian Style

Draus, Paul, Dagmar Haase, Jacob Napieralski, Alec Sparks, Salman Qureshi, and Juliette Roddy. 2020. "Wastelands, Greenways and Gentrification: Introducing a Comparative Framework with a Focus on Detroit, USA" Sustainability 12, no. 15: 6189. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156189

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