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Towards Developing a New Model for Inclusive Cities in China—The Case of Xiong’an New Area

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Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Stevinweg 1, 2628 CN Delft, The Netherlands
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Erasmus School of Law & Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
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Institute for Global Public Policy, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
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Shenzhen Institute of Building Research Co., Ltd., Shenzhen 518049, China
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Department of Public Policy & School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(15), 6195; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156195
Received: 15 July 2020 / Revised: 20 July 2020 / Accepted: 25 July 2020 / Published: 31 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
Along with unprecedented urbanization in the last few decades, cities have experienced rapid social and economic transformation in China. A major challenge facing urban authorities in the immediate future is how to plan and govern cities such that they can serve as inclusive systems where everyone is enabled and empowered to fully participate in and contribute to socioeconomic life. A first step towards realizing this is to conceptualize an integrated framework that allows analysts and decision-makers to delineate, evaluate, and guide the development of these cities towards inclusiveness. In this study, we conducted a conceptual analysis of urban inclusiveness and then proposed a multidimensional framework for the evaluation of inclusive development. This is followed by the presentation of the case of Xiong’an, for which inclusive development indicators (IDIs) were selected. By comparing the state before the establishment of Xiong’an with its current development progress, and analyzing the area’s management structure and policy measures, the inclusive development challenges are identified. Subsequently, suggestions are given on how to direct Xiong’an toward higher levels of inclusiveness, including offering equal access to public services and employment opportunities, preserving environmental health and sustainable use of natural resources through waste recycling, and encouraging public participation in decision-making to bring higher levels of inclusion within reach. View Full-Text
Keywords: inclusive city; inclusive urban development; indicator system; evaluation framework; Xiong’an New Area inclusive city; inclusive urban development; indicator system; evaluation framework; Xiong’an New Area
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Z.; de Jong, M.; Li, F.; Brand, N.; Hertogh, M.; Dong, L. Towards Developing a New Model for Inclusive Cities in China—The Case of Xiong’an New Area. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6195. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156195

AMA Style

Liu Z, de Jong M, Li F, Brand N, Hertogh M, Dong L. Towards Developing a New Model for Inclusive Cities in China—The Case of Xiong’an New Area. Sustainability. 2020; 12(15):6195. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156195

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Zhaowen, Martin de Jong, Fen Li, Nikki Brand, Marcel Hertogh, and Liang Dong. 2020. "Towards Developing a New Model for Inclusive Cities in China—The Case of Xiong’an New Area" Sustainability 12, no. 15: 6195. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156195

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