Next Article in Journal
Sustainability in Higher Education: The Relationship between Work-Life Balance and XR E-Learning Facilities
Previous Article in Journal
Control of Metro Train-Induced Vibrations in a Laboratory Using Periodic Piles
 
 
Article

Examining Fractional Vegetation Cover Dynamics in Response to Climate from 1982 to 2015 in the Amur River Basin for SDG 13

1
College of Earth Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
2
Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China
3
National Earth System Science Data Center, Beijing 100101, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5866; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145866
Received: 1 July 2020 / Revised: 16 July 2020 / Accepted: 19 July 2020 / Published: 21 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Air, Climate Change and Sustainability)
The impacts of climate and the need to improve resilience to current and possible future climate are highlighted in the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 13. Vegetation in the Amur River Basin (ARB), lying in the middle and high latitudes and being one of the 10 largest basins worldwide, plays an important role in the regional carbon cycle but is vulnerable to climate change. Based on GIMMS NDVI3g and CRU TS4.01 climate data, this study investigated the spatiotemporal patterns of fractional vegetation cover (FVC) in the ARB and their relationships with climatic changes from 1982 to 2015 varying over different seasons, vegetation types, geographical gradients, and countries. The results reveal that the FVC presented significant increasing trends (P < 0.05) in growing season (May to September) and autumn (September to October), but insignificant increasing trends in spring (April to May) and summer (June to August), with the largest annual FVC increase occurring in autumn. However, some areas showed significant decreases of FVC in growing season, mainly located on the China side of the ARB, such as the Changbai mountainous area, the Sanjiang plain, and the Lesser Khingan mountainous area. The FVC changes and their relationships varied among different vegetation types in various seasons. Specifically, grassland FVC experienced the largest increase in growing season, spring, and summer, while woodland FVC changed more dramatically in autumn. FVC correlated positively with air temperature in spring, especially for grassland, and correlated negatively with precipitation, especially for woodland. The correlations between FVC and climatic factors in growing season were zonal in latitude and longitude, while 120° E and 50° N were the approximate boundaries at which the values of mean correlation coefficients changed from positive to negative, respectively. These findings are beneficial to a better understanding the responses of vegetation in the middle and high latitudes to climate change and could provide fundamental information for sustainable ecosystem management in the ARB and the northern hemisphere. View Full-Text
Keywords: fractional vegetation cover; climate change; spatiotemporal patterns; sustainable development goal (SDG) 13; Amur River Basin fractional vegetation cover; climate change; spatiotemporal patterns; sustainable development goal (SDG) 13; Amur River Basin
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, R.; Li, X.; Mao, D.; Wang, Z.; Tian, Y.; Dong, Y. Examining Fractional Vegetation Cover Dynamics in Response to Climate from 1982 to 2015 in the Amur River Basin for SDG 13. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5866. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145866

AMA Style

Yang R, Li X, Mao D, Wang Z, Tian Y, Dong Y. Examining Fractional Vegetation Cover Dynamics in Response to Climate from 1982 to 2015 in the Amur River Basin for SDG 13. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5866. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145866

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Ran, Xiaoyan Li, Dehua Mao, Zongming Wang, Yanlin Tian, and Yulin Dong. 2020. "Examining Fractional Vegetation Cover Dynamics in Response to Climate from 1982 to 2015 in the Amur River Basin for SDG 13" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5866. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145866

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop