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Article

Ecological Prototypes: Initiating Design Innovation in Green Construction

Department of Integrated Planning and Industrial Building, Faculty for Civil Engineering, Vienna University of Technology, 1040 Vienna, Austria
Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5865; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145865
Received: 6 June 2020 / Revised: 1 July 2020 / Accepted: 16 July 2020 / Published: 21 July 2020
This article identifies a gap in the approaches to Green Construction (GC), and initiates a line of research in the area of the so-called “ecological prototypes”. Ecological prototypes, stands for a new type of GC, which are integrated and adaptive systems of design, construction and practices that link architecture, horticulture and agriculture, landscape and ecology. This type of system greatly expands the existing GC design space with the aim to tackle environmental challenges in the context of rapid urbanization. This new type of GC seeks to reconcile the different environmental needs and goals, and balance intensification and restoration trade-offs. They are considered as a key strategy for supporting ecosystems and the delivery of ecosystem services, especially in degraded peri-urban and urban contexts. This effort commences with a review of selected historical cases that have evolved over time as vital part of horticultural and agricultural systems. These historical studies can both inform future research on the development of ecological prototypes and aid their design. Following the examination of selected cases and a field survey, the role of information modelling and data-driven computational methods in designing ecological prototypes is discussed. The decision support system for this new type of GC based on information and knowledge modelling (computational ontologies) is given a particular attention. Finally, further research questions and steps are outlined. View Full-Text
Keywords: green construction; agriculture; horticulture; information modelling; decision support system green construction; agriculture; horticulture; information modelling; decision support system
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sunguroğlu Hensel, D. Ecological Prototypes: Initiating Design Innovation in Green Construction. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5865. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145865

AMA Style

Sunguroğlu Hensel D. Ecological Prototypes: Initiating Design Innovation in Green Construction. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5865. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145865

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sunguroğlu Hensel, Defne. 2020. "Ecological Prototypes: Initiating Design Innovation in Green Construction" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5865. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145865

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