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Article

Urban Microclimate Canopy: Design, Manufacture, Installation, and Growth Simulation of a Living Architecture Prototype

1
Faculty of Architecture, Technical University of Munich, Arcisstraße 21, 80333 München, Germany
2
FibR GmbH, Auf der Höhe 3, 71394 Kernen, Germany
3
Climateflux GbR, Lindwurmstraße 11, 80337 München, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(15), 6004; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156004
Received: 27 June 2020 / Revised: 14 July 2020 / Accepted: 14 July 2020 / Published: 26 July 2020
Urban Microclimate Canopy is a digitally fabricated fiber glass structure supporting climbing plants in order to explore new ways of integrating vegetation in densely built urban environments. A prototype was designed and manufactured in the context of an interdisciplinary studio with master’s students following an approach of research by design. Varying the assembly of winding frames and fiber weaving syntax generates diverse geometric shape and structural performance. For two short-term exhibitions, ivy plants were temporarily installed in the structure. This first step was followed with a reflection of systematic integration of the growth processes of climbing plants and parametric design. An iterative solution is given, consisting of a feedback loop linking the design of the technical structure, the simulation of plant growth, and the simulation of the environmental effects of the hybrid structure. To achieve this a novel framework for simulating twining plant’s growth on network-like structures is presented: external stimuli define a cone-shaped circumnutation space (searching space model) which results in a climbing path (climbing steps model). The framework is constructed to integrate improved individual functions (such as stimuli of circumnutation) for better simulation results. To acquire more knowledge about interactions between the plants and the fiber structure, the prototype was installed permanently and planted with three different climbing plants, representing different climbing mechanisms. View Full-Text
Keywords: building greening; parametric design; living architecture; robotic fabrication; twining plants; research by design building greening; parametric design; living architecture; robotic fabrication; twining plants; research by design
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shu, Q.; Middleton, W.; Dörstelmann, M.; Santucci, D.; Ludwig, F. Urban Microclimate Canopy: Design, Manufacture, Installation, and Growth Simulation of a Living Architecture Prototype. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6004. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156004

AMA Style

Shu Q, Middleton W, Dörstelmann M, Santucci D, Ludwig F. Urban Microclimate Canopy: Design, Manufacture, Installation, and Growth Simulation of a Living Architecture Prototype. Sustainability. 2020; 12(15):6004. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shu, Qiguan, Wilfrid Middleton, Moritz Dörstelmann, Daniele Santucci, and Ferdinand Ludwig. 2020. "Urban Microclimate Canopy: Design, Manufacture, Installation, and Growth Simulation of a Living Architecture Prototype" Sustainability 12, no. 15: 6004. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156004

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