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Many Miles to Paris: A Sectoral Innovation System Analysis of the Transport Sector in Norway and Canada in Light of the Paris Agreement

1
Decision Support Systems Laboratory, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Politechniou 9, 157 80 Athens, Greece
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CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, P.O. Box 1129, Blindern, NO-0318 Oslo, Norway
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ESMIA Consultants, Blainville, QC J7B 6B4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5832; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145832
Received: 16 June 2020 / Revised: 14 July 2020 / Accepted: 17 July 2020 / Published: 20 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
Transport is associated with high amounts of energy consumed and greenhouse gases emitted. Most transport means operate using fossil fuels, creating the urgent need for a rapid transformation of the sector. In this research, we examine the transport systems of Norway and Canada, two countries with similar shares of greenhouse gas emissions from transport and powerful oil industries operating within their boundaries. Our socio-technical analysis, based on the Sectoral Innovation Systems approach, attempts to identify the elements enabling Norway to become one of the leaders in the diffusion of electric vehicles, as well as the differences pacing down progress in Canada. By utilising the System Failure framework to compare the two systems, bottlenecks hindering the decarbonisation of the two transport systems are identified. Results indicate that the effectiveness of Norway’s policy is exaggerated and has led to recent spillover effects towards green shipping. The activity of oil companies, regional and federal legislative disputes in Canada and the lack of sincere efforts from system actors to address challenges lead to non-drastic greenhouse gas emission reductions, despite significant policy efforts from both countries. Insights into the effectiveness of previously implemented policies and the evolution of the two sectoral systems can help draw lessons towards sustainable transport. View Full-Text
Keywords: Norway; Canada; electric mobility; transportation; socio-technical transitions; climate policy; sectoral innovation systems; system failure framework; systems of innovation Norway; Canada; electric mobility; transportation; socio-technical transitions; climate policy; sectoral innovation systems; system failure framework; systems of innovation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Koasidis, K.; Karamaneas, A.; Nikas, A.; Neofytou, H.; Hermansen, E.A.T.; Vaillancourt, K.; Doukas, H. Many Miles to Paris: A Sectoral Innovation System Analysis of the Transport Sector in Norway and Canada in Light of the Paris Agreement. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5832. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145832

AMA Style

Koasidis K, Karamaneas A, Nikas A, Neofytou H, Hermansen EAT, Vaillancourt K, Doukas H. Many Miles to Paris: A Sectoral Innovation System Analysis of the Transport Sector in Norway and Canada in Light of the Paris Agreement. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5832. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145832

Chicago/Turabian Style

Koasidis, Konstantinos, Anastasios Karamaneas, Alexandros Nikas, Hera Neofytou, Erlend A.T. Hermansen, Kathleen Vaillancourt, and Haris Doukas. 2020. "Many Miles to Paris: A Sectoral Innovation System Analysis of the Transport Sector in Norway and Canada in Light of the Paris Agreement" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5832. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145832

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