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Open AccessArticle

Is Built Environment Associated with Travel Mode Choice in Developing Cities? Evidence from Hanoi

1
Department of Urban Infrastructure Planning, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, National University of Civil Engineering, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
3
Master’s Program in Infrastructure Engineering, Vietnam Japan University, Hanoi 129000, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5773; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145773
Received: 11 June 2020 / Revised: 12 July 2020 / Accepted: 13 July 2020 / Published: 17 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Mobility: Social, Technological and Environmental Issues)
This paper examines the association between the built environment (BE) and travel behavior in Hanoi, Vietnam. A multinomial logit model is used to analyze individuals’ choice of travel mode from a dataset collected via a questionnaire-based household travel survey in 2016 and the geospatial data of BE variables; the dataset contains 762 responses from local residents in ten districts of the Hanoi Metropolitan Area about their daily travel episodes. It also examines a spatial aggregation effect by comparing model performances among four buffering distances and ward-zones. The results showed that (1) a higher population density around an individual’s home is associated with more bus use and less motorbike and car use; (2) mixed land use around the home, average tax revenue near the home, and bus frequency at the workplace have positive relationships with bus ridership; (3) senior people, students, or unskilled laborers tend to use the bus; (4) the spatial aggregation bias significantly affects the estimation results; and (5) new immigrants tend to choose to reside in areas designed for automobile users. Finally, there are several policy implications for transit-oriented development (TOD) in Hanoi, including: (1) parking regulations and/or control strategies should be jointly incorporated into the Hanoi’s TOD policy; (2) Hanoi’s TOD policy should be carefully designed in terms of its scope of development site and type; and (3) a polycentric structure strategy only may not be sufficient for increasing public transit ridership. View Full-Text
Keywords: built environment; travel mode choice; transit-oriented development; Hanoi built environment; travel mode choice; transit-oriented development; Hanoi
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Nguyen, T.M.C.; Kato, H.; Phan, L.B. Is Built Environment Associated with Travel Mode Choice in Developing Cities? Evidence from Hanoi. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5773.

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