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I Can’t Go to Work Tomorrow! Work-Family Policies, Well-Being and Absenteeism

INDESS, Universidad de Cádiz, 11406 Jerez de la Frontera, Spain
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Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5519; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145519
Received: 15 May 2020 / Revised: 25 June 2020 / Accepted: 6 July 2020 / Published: 8 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
Among the main causes of absenteeism are health problems, emotional problems, and inadequate work-family policies (WFP). This paper analyses the impact of the existence and accessibility of WFP on work absenteeism, by considering the mediating role of the well-being, which includes emotional as well as physical or health problems, that is generated by these policies. We differentiate between the existence of the WFP and its accessibility, as the mere existence of the WFP in an organisation is not enough. Additionally, workers must be able to access these policies easily and without retaliation of any kind. The model includes the hierarchy and the gender as moderating variables. To test the proposed hypotheses, a structural equation model based on the partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) approach is applied to a sample of employees in the service sector in Spain. On the one hand, the findings show that the existence of WFP has no direct effect on absenteeism; however, accessibility to these policies does have a direct effect on absenteeism. On the other hand, both the existence and accessibility of WFP have positive direct effects on emotional well-being. In addition, emotional well-being is positively related to physical well-being which, in turn, promotes a reduction in absenteeism. Finally, significant differences in the relationship between the existence of WFP and emotional well-being confirm the special difficulty of female managers in reconciling family life and work life. View Full-Text
Keywords: work-family policies; labour welfare; emotional well-being; physical well-being; absenteeism; PLS; SEM work-family policies; labour welfare; emotional well-being; physical well-being; absenteeism; PLS; SEM
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MDPI and ACS Style

Medina-Garrido, J.A.; Biedma-Ferrer, J.M.; Sánchez-Ortiz, J. I Can’t Go to Work Tomorrow! Work-Family Policies, Well-Being and Absenteeism. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5519. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145519

AMA Style

Medina-Garrido JA, Biedma-Ferrer JM, Sánchez-Ortiz J. I Can’t Go to Work Tomorrow! Work-Family Policies, Well-Being and Absenteeism. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5519. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145519

Chicago/Turabian Style

Medina-Garrido, José A.; Biedma-Ferrer, José M.; Sánchez-Ortiz, Jaime. 2020. "I Can’t Go to Work Tomorrow! Work-Family Policies, Well-Being and Absenteeism" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5519. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145519

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