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Article

Examining the Most and Least Changeable Elements of the Social Representation of Giftedness

1
Department of Clinical Psychology, Psychobiology and Methodology, Universidad de La Laguna, 38205 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
2
Department of Psychology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 20018 Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain
3
Department of Education, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 01006 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(13), 5361; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135361
Received: 27 April 2020 / Revised: 30 June 2020 / Accepted: 1 July 2020 / Published: 2 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Abilities, Talent and Creativity)
Giftedness and high abilities have been broadly defined and this fact has led to many problems related to the detection and educational response given to gifted or highly able pupils due to the stereotyped social representations of the concepts. However, the main misconceptions might be changed with the aim of solving the mentioned problems. For this purpose, the aims of this study are to explore the main misconceptions of giftedness and to identify which among them seem to be most and least changeable. A questionnaire with the most extended myths and stereotypes about giftedness was applied in a sample of 824 participants. The items’ analyses were carried out by first studying item-test discrimination indices (test classical theory), and secondly, the a and b parameters of items (item response theory). The results show that there are items that would be easily changeable (9 items) and others less malleable (4 items). Therefore, it might be concluded that the social representation of giftedness would have peripheral elements that could be changed, while there would be less malleable central elements. Thus, different strategies to foster the change of the social representation of giftedness should be considered, which will have social and educational implications. View Full-Text
Keywords: change; elements; giftedness; social representation change; elements; giftedness; social representation
MDPI and ACS Style

Pérez, J.; Aperribai, L.; Cortabarría, L.; Borges, A. Examining the Most and Least Changeable Elements of the Social Representation of Giftedness. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5361. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135361

AMA Style

Pérez J, Aperribai L, Cortabarría L, Borges A. Examining the Most and Least Changeable Elements of the Social Representation of Giftedness. Sustainability. 2020; 12(13):5361. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135361

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pérez, Josué, Leire Aperribai, Lorea Cortabarría, and Africa Borges. 2020. "Examining the Most and Least Changeable Elements of the Social Representation of Giftedness" Sustainability 12, no. 13: 5361. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135361

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