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Open AccessArticle

A Coronavirus (COVID-19) Triage Framework for (Sub)National Public–Private Partnership (PPP) Programs

Infrastructure Development/PPP Consultant and Steering Committee Member for the World Association of PPP Units & Professionals (WAPPP), Washington, DC 22312, USA
Bartlett School of Construction and Project Management, University College London, London WC1E 7HB, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(13), 5253;
Received: 3 June 2020 / Revised: 15 June 2020 / Accepted: 24 June 2020 / Published: 29 June 2020
Around the world, countries are struggling to address the immediate and long-term impacts of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on their (sub)national public–private partnership (PPP) programs. Burdened with the real possibility of widespread project failures and constrained budgets, governments are searching for ways to prioritize projects in need of relief and bolster post-pandemic recovery plans. To meet this need, this article conceptualizes a triage system for PPP programs based on five categories: (1) projects without a need for economic stimulus (blue); (2) projects experiencing minor economic/financial losses (green); (3) projects needing temporary/stop-gap support or restructuring (yellow); (4) projects unable to survive without significant economic relief (red); and (5) projects that cannot survive, even with government intervention (black). This research also stresses the importance of launching and sustaining a crisis command center to support PPP triage decisions and encourages PPP stakeholders to collectively craft win–win solutions for post-pandemic recovery efforts. View Full-Text
Keywords: coronavirus (COVID-19); public–private partnerships (PPPs) triage; crisis management; resilience coronavirus (COVID-19); public–private partnerships (PPPs) triage; crisis management; resilience
MDPI and ACS Style

Baxter, D.; Casady, C.B. A Coronavirus (COVID-19) Triage Framework for (Sub)National Public–Private Partnership (PPP) Programs. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5253.

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