Next Article in Journal
Biotreatment of Poultry Waste Coupled with Biodiesel Production Using Suspended and Attached Growth Microalgal-Based Systems
Next Article in Special Issue
Land–Sea Interaction: Integrating Climate Adaptation Planning and Maritime Spatial Planning in the North Adriatic Basin
Previous Article in Journal
Decision-Making Process in the Case of Insufficient Rail Capacity
Previous Article in Special Issue
Resilience Thinking as a System Approach to Promote China’s Sustainability Transitions
Article

Spatial Knowledge: A Potential to Enhance Public Participation?

1
Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), University of Twente, 7514 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
2
Regional Development Planning Agency (Bappeda) of Deli Serdang District, 20514 North Sumatra, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(12), 5025; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125025
Received: 13 May 2020 / Revised: 5 June 2020 / Accepted: 17 June 2020 / Published: 19 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Urban Planning Techniques)
Spatial knowledge, i.e., knowledge about space and place, is commonly used by stakeholders during the deliberative process of public participation practice. The goal of this article is to examine to what extent spatial knowledge exists and is used in a formal public participation practice, as well as its potential to enhance the public participation practice. We used an annual public participation practice in Indonesia called Musrenbang as the case study. Using a three-dimensional framework, we identified the types, levels, and socio-spatial relationships of spatial knowledge used in the Musrenbang practice. Our study finds that villagers had and used spatial knowledge during Musrenbang. However, the knowledge was not properly used due to three main impediments: The stakeholders were not aware of their spatial knowledge, spatial data was not available, which can help to better utilize knowledge while supporting the participatory process, and power gaps among stakeholders. It can be concluded that the development of suitable methods, which can help stakeholders use their spatial knowledge, is needed to enhance the current Musrenbang practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: Indonesia; geospatial data; Musrenbang; public participation; spatial knowledge; village stakeholders Indonesia; geospatial data; Musrenbang; public participation; spatial knowledge; village stakeholders
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Akbar, A.; Flacke, J.; Martinez, J.; van Maarseveen, M.F.A.M. Spatial Knowledge: A Potential to Enhance Public Participation? Sustainability 2020, 12, 5025. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125025

AMA Style

Akbar A, Flacke J, Martinez J, van Maarseveen MFAM. Spatial Knowledge: A Potential to Enhance Public Participation? Sustainability. 2020; 12(12):5025. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125025

Chicago/Turabian Style

Akbar, Aulia, Johannes Flacke, Javier Martinez, and Martin F.A.M. van Maarseveen. 2020. "Spatial Knowledge: A Potential to Enhance Public Participation?" Sustainability 12, no. 12: 5025. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125025

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop