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Open AccessArticle

Affordability, Accessibility, and Awareness in the Adoption of Liquefied Petroleum Gas: A Case-Control Study in Rural India

1
Boston College School of Social Work, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA
2
University of Pennsylvania Law School, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
3
Society and Health Research Center, Humanities Faculty—Universidad Mayor, Santiago 7750000, Chile
4
Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA
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Thom Boston Metro Early Intervention, Amory Street, Jamaica Plain, MA 02130, USA
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Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School/Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
7
Network Science Institute, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
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Prevention Research Center in St. Louis, Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
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Division of Public Health Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4790; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114790
Received: 14 April 2020 / Revised: 19 May 2020 / Accepted: 8 June 2020 / Published: 11 June 2020
Interventions in the clean cooking sector have focused on improved biomass stoves in a bid to address household air pollution (HAP) in low- and middle-income countries. These initiatives have not delivered adequate health and environmental benefits owing to the less than optimal performance of improved biomass stoves. There is an urgency to transition communities to cleaner cooking systems such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) to reduce the prevalence of HAP. Adoption of LPG also has challenges. This case-control cross-sectional study with 510 households examines how affordability, accessibility, and awareness (3As) are associated with LPG adoption in rural poor households of Andhra Pradesh, a state of India. Using binomial logistic regression analyses, the study examines the association of 3As with LPG adoption, adjusting for demographic predictors. Results show disparities in LPG adoption owing to affordability, accessibility, and awareness. Household income is positively associated with LPG adoption. Easy availability of biomass deters households from adopting LPG. Concerns for LPG safety reduces likelihood of LPG adoption. On the other hand, attending awareness campaigns on clean cooking benefits is strongly associated with LPG adoption. Awareness drives, primarily targeted marketing campaigns, could help expand LPG coverage among poorer households. This paper offers insights into the determinants of clean fuel adoption with implications for resource-poor settings across the world to advance energy justice and address energy poverty. View Full-Text
Keywords: household air pollution; energy poverty; cleaner cooking; LPG; adoption household air pollution; energy poverty; cleaner cooking; LPG; adoption
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kumar, P.; Dover, R.E.; Díaz-Valdés Iriarte, A.; Rao, S.; Garakani, R.; Hadingham, S.; Dhand, A.; Tabak, R.G.; Brownson, R.C.; Yadama, G.N. Affordability, Accessibility, and Awareness in the Adoption of Liquefied Petroleum Gas: A Case-Control Study in Rural India. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4790. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114790

AMA Style

Kumar P, Dover RE, Díaz-Valdés Iriarte A, Rao S, Garakani R, Hadingham S, Dhand A, Tabak RG, Brownson RC, Yadama GN. Affordability, Accessibility, and Awareness in the Adoption of Liquefied Petroleum Gas: A Case-Control Study in Rural India. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4790. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114790

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kumar, Praveen; Dover, Robert E.; Díaz-Valdés Iriarte, Antonia; Rao, Smitha; Garakani, Romina; Hadingham, Sophia; Dhand, Amar; Tabak, Rachel G.; Brownson, Ross C.; Yadama, Gautam N. 2020. "Affordability, Accessibility, and Awareness in the Adoption of Liquefied Petroleum Gas: A Case-Control Study in Rural India" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4790. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114790

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