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Article

Rank-size Distribution of Cities and Municipalities in Bangladesh

Department of Geography, Environment, and Sustainability, University of North Carolina Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27412, USA
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Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4643; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114643
Received: 20 April 2020 / Revised: 29 May 2020 / Accepted: 3 June 2020 / Published: 6 June 2020
This paper examines and updates the rank-size distribution of cities and municipalities in Bangladesh between 1990 and 2019 based on two criteria: (1) built-up urban areas; and (2) population. The distribution of built-up urban areas and population are compared to provide a robust theoretical underpinning of Zipf’s law for future urban developmental planning framework. The data on built-up urban areas is extracted from land cover classification using Google Earth Engine and the population data is obtained from the decennial censuses. The comparison of the conformity to Zipf’s law indicated contradictory results. While a greater proportion of the population has been increasingly concentrated in the smaller and midsized cities over the last three decades, built-up urban areas, on the other hand, have been mostly clustered in two largest cities— Dhaka and Chittagong—accounting for 50 to nearly 60 percent of the total built-up urban areas. These results shed light on the magnitude of continued spatial inequalities in urban development amongst cities and municipalities in Bangladesh despite there being an overall increase of evenness in the distribution of population over time. These results imply an unsustainable rate of urban expansion in Bangladesh and reinforce the need for the exploration of policies and regulations targeted at guiding the rate and direction of evenness in urban expansion. View Full-Text
Keywords: Zipf’s Law; Google Earth Engine; Bangladesh; urbanization; urban growth Zipf’s Law; Google Earth Engine; Bangladesh; urbanization; urban growth
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bajracharya, P.; Sultana, S. Rank-size Distribution of Cities and Municipalities in Bangladesh. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4643. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114643

AMA Style

Bajracharya P, Sultana S. Rank-size Distribution of Cities and Municipalities in Bangladesh. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4643. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114643

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bajracharya, Pankaj, and Selima Sultana. 2020. "Rank-size Distribution of Cities and Municipalities in Bangladesh" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4643. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114643

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