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(Un)Sustainable Development of Minors in Libyan Refugee Camps in the Context of Conflict-Induced Migration

1
Institute of Political Sciences and International Relations (INPISM), Collegium Civitas University, 00-901 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Political Science, Masaryk University, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4537; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114537
Received: 12 May 2020 / Revised: 25 May 2020 / Accepted: 31 May 2020 / Published: 3 June 2020
This paper looks at the challenges to the sustainable development of migrant and refugee children in Libyan refugee camps and migrant detention centres. Libya, next to Syria, is still the most destabilised Arab country with a myriad of conflicting parties, warlords, militias, terrorist organisations as well as smugglers and traffickers that continuously compete in a complex network of multidimensional power struggles. Our single case study based on ethnographic fieldwork adopts the human security approach, which provides security analysis with an inherently “sustainable” dimension. In the paper we provide an overview of the empirical study carried out in seven Libyan refugee camps (Tripoli, Tajoura, Sirte, Misrata, Benghazi, Derna and Tobruk) between 2013 and 2019. Our findings show that for refugee children even everyday activities pose a danger to health and life, and the many threats to their security encompass a broad spectrum from health to safety, from education to falling prey to bundlers from terrorist organisations and paramilitary militias. These issues, undoubtedly pertinent on the individual level of analysis, are further exacerbated by the underlying, conflict-induced factors and preclude a safe and secure environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: Libya; violent conflicts; children; human security; migration; refugee camps; sustainable development Libya; violent conflicts; children; human security; migration; refugee camps; sustainable development
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MDPI and ACS Style

El Ghamari, M.; Gabriela Bartoszewicz, M. (Un)Sustainable Development of Minors in Libyan Refugee Camps in the Context of Conflict-Induced Migration. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4537. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114537

AMA Style

El Ghamari M, Gabriela Bartoszewicz M. (Un)Sustainable Development of Minors in Libyan Refugee Camps in the Context of Conflict-Induced Migration. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4537. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114537

Chicago/Turabian Style

El Ghamari, Magdalena, and Monika Gabriela Bartoszewicz. 2020. "(Un)Sustainable Development of Minors in Libyan Refugee Camps in the Context of Conflict-Induced Migration" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4537. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114537

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