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Article

Chemical Composition and Hazardous Effects of Leachate from the Active Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Surrounded by Farmlands

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Department of Applied and Landscape Ecology, Faculty of AgriSciences, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Institute of Civil Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences—SGGW, Nowoursynowska 159, 02 776 Warsaw, Poland
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Department of Agrosystems and Bioclimatology, Faculty of AgriSciences, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Agricultural Research, Ltd., Zahradní 1, 664 41 Troubsko, Czech Republic
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Faculty of Engineering, Artvin Coruh University, Seyitler Campus, 08000 Artvin, Turkey
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Department of Agrochemistry, Soil Science, Microbiology and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of AgriSciences, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Institute of Chemistry and Technology of Environmental Protection, Faculty of Chemistry, Brno University of Technology, Purkynova 118, 621 00 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4531; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114531
Received: 24 March 2020 / Revised: 29 May 2020 / Accepted: 1 June 2020 / Published: 2 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Chemical Engineering and Technology)
Landfill leachates are potentially harmful to the environment and to human health. The objective of this study was to characterize leachates in order to analyze whether a relationship exists between the stored waste and the composition of leachates, and to detect possible leakages of pollutants into the environment. To achieve these objectives, field data, Global Positioning System data and physico-chemical data were used. Biological tests are becoming increasingly popular in determining leachate toxicity; therefore, two toxicity tests were performed with the seeds of white mustard (Sinapis alba L.) and duckweed (Lemna minor L.). Leachates were sampled from the leachate pond. Groundwater quality was monitored by using drill holes. The research and analysis carried out are important to determine their potential impact on agricultural areas located near the landfill. Demonstrably increased (P < 0.05) concentrations of heavy metals were detected only in the leachate pond which closes the landfill body, where it links up with the landfill insulation layer. Water sampled from drill holes reaching into groundwater was not contaminated. The results showed that the leachates did not leak outside the landfill. Nevertheless, they were found to be phytotoxic. Both toxicity tests showed that the increasing amount of leachates resulted in the increasing growth inhibition of the tested plants. The proper handling of leachates should have been ensured. View Full-Text
Keywords: landfill; solid wastes; leachates; toxicity; heavy metals; absorbable organic halogens (AOX) landfill; solid wastes; leachates; toxicity; heavy metals; absorbable organic halogens (AOX)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vaverková, M.D.; Elbl, J.; Koda, E.; Adamcová, D.; Bilgin, A.; Lukas, V.; Podlasek, A.; Kintl, A.; Wdowska, M.; Brtnický, M.; Zloch, J. Chemical Composition and Hazardous Effects of Leachate from the Active Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Surrounded by Farmlands. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4531. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114531

AMA Style

Vaverková MD, Elbl J, Koda E, Adamcová D, Bilgin A, Lukas V, Podlasek A, Kintl A, Wdowska M, Brtnický M, Zloch J. Chemical Composition and Hazardous Effects of Leachate from the Active Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Surrounded by Farmlands. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4531. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114531

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vaverková, Magdalena Daria, Jakub Elbl, Eugeniusz Koda, Dana Adamcová, Ayla Bilgin, Vojtěch Lukas, Anna Podlasek, Antonín Kintl, Małgorzata Wdowska, Martin Brtnický, and Jan Zloch. 2020. "Chemical Composition and Hazardous Effects of Leachate from the Active Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Surrounded by Farmlands" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4531. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114531

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