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Article

Grazing Management Influences Gut Microbial Diversity of Livestock in the Same Area

1
Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 23th, Xinning Road, Xining 810001, China
2
College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
Qinghai Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Ecological Genomics, 23th, Xinning Road, Xining 810001, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(10), 4160; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104160
Received: 26 April 2020 / Revised: 15 May 2020 / Accepted: 17 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Sustainable Livestock Production)
The composition of gut microbiota is closely related to health and nutrition of livestock. Research on the interaction between gut microbiota in livestock and grazing management strategies is unfortunately sparse. By studying the compositions of gut microbiota in sheep and goats in a single, mixed grazing population under the control of herdsman, as well as those of free-range camels in the same area of Qaidam Basin, we found that the composition of gut microbiota between sheep and goats showed no significant difference. However, there were significant differences between mixed group and camels at α- and β-diversities. We speculate that grazing management can shape gut microbial diversity indirectly. Mixed grazing under the control of herdsman lead to similarities in the diversity of gut microbiota among different species and limit their diversities of gut microbiota, which is not conducive to healthy growth of the host. On the contrary, free-range grazing is better for the diversity of gut microbiota. In order to sustainably manage populations of livestock, gut microbiota analysis may prove to be an important indicator for evaluating the merits of different grazing management strategies. Our results lay a foundation to improve the health of livestock and grazing management. View Full-Text
Keywords: gut microbiota; grazing management; livestock; diversity gut microbiota; grazing management; livestock; diversity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Song, P.; Qin, W.; Huang, Y.; Wang, L.; Cai, Z.; Zhang, T. Grazing Management Influences Gut Microbial Diversity of Livestock in the Same Area. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4160. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104160

AMA Style

Song P, Qin W, Huang Y, Wang L, Cai Z, Zhang T. Grazing Management Influences Gut Microbial Diversity of Livestock in the Same Area. Sustainability. 2020; 12(10):4160. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104160

Chicago/Turabian Style

Song, Pengfei, Wen Qin, YanGan Huang, Lei Wang, Zhenyuan Cai, and Tongzuo Zhang. 2020. "Grazing Management Influences Gut Microbial Diversity of Livestock in the Same Area" Sustainability 12, no. 10: 4160. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104160

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