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Article

China Eco-Wisdom: A Review of Sustainability of Agricultural Heritage Systems on Aquatic-Ecological Conservation

1
College of Forestry, Xinyang Agriculture and Forestry University, Xinyang 464000, China
2
Bureau of Ecology and Environment, The Third Division of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, Tumushuke 844000, China
3
Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
4
Center of International Cooperation Service, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affair, Beijing 100125, China
5
College of Humanities and Development Studies, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, China
6
Fisheries Development Strategy Research Center, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Beijing 100141, China
7
Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(1), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010060
Received: 11 October 2019 / Revised: 11 December 2019 / Accepted: 15 December 2019 / Published: 19 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Natural Resource Management)
The multiple problems of modern agriculture urge people to probe into sustainability of the traditional agriculture. As important representatives of Chinese traditional agriculture, the agricultural heritage systems on aquatic-ecological conservation (AHSAEC) are confronting threats and urgently needs to be protected. In this study, the functions and value of the AHSAECs are analyzed by multi-disciplinary methods including system analysis methods based on the review of old books and modern scientific research literature, and the nature of their sustainability are discussed, and the countermeasures against their current unsustainability are proposed. The results show that AHSAECs derive from the simple eco-agriculture models such as the Taihu Lake multi-industry compound ecoagriculture model in historical periods. These systems can integrate farming, forestry, animal husbandry, and aquaculture and make them a sustainable recycling system. Thus, they have strong ecological stability, rich cultural connotation, and good comprehensive benefits. Traditional eco-wisdom from Chinese traditional culture is the power to promote the sustainability and high-quality development of these systems. The key eco-wisdom of AHSAECs is to integrate aquaculture with livestock and poultry breeding and planting through the harmless treatment and recycling of agricultural wastes, which is conducive to the aquatic ecosystem conservation and sustainable resources utilization. Nowadays, it is urgent to preserve the eco-wisdom by establishing ecological museums to realize the productive protection and inheriting development of the heritage systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural heritage system; eco-wisdom; aquatic ecosystem conservation; China agricultural heritage system; eco-wisdom; aquatic ecosystem conservation; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, M.; Zhang, Y.; Xu, M.; He, L.; Liu, L.; Tang, Q. China Eco-Wisdom: A Review of Sustainability of Agricultural Heritage Systems on Aquatic-Ecological Conservation. Sustainability 2020, 12, 60. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010060

AMA Style

Li M, Zhang Y, Xu M, He L, Liu L, Tang Q. China Eco-Wisdom: A Review of Sustainability of Agricultural Heritage Systems on Aquatic-Ecological Conservation. Sustainability. 2020; 12(1):60. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010060

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Maolin, Yongxun Zhang, Ming Xu, Lulu He, Longteng Liu, and Qisheng Tang. 2020. "China Eco-Wisdom: A Review of Sustainability of Agricultural Heritage Systems on Aquatic-Ecological Conservation" Sustainability 12, no. 1: 60. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010060

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