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Wind Power and Job Creation

1
Department of Economic and Statistical Sciences, University of Salerno, 84084 Fisciano, Italy
2
Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, The Ratio Institute and Luleå University of Technology, SE-11359 Stockholm, Sweden
3
The Ratio Institute, SE-11359 Stockholm, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(1), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010045
Received: 3 November 2019 / Revised: 10 December 2019 / Accepted: 18 December 2019 / Published: 19 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Technological Innovation and the Effect of Employment on Green Growth)
The purpose of this paper is to provide a global overview of job effects per MW of wind power installations, which will enable improved decision-making and modeling of future wind-power projects. We found indications that job creation connected to wind-power installations is rather limited. In total, 17 peer-reviewed articles and 10 reports/non-peer-reviewed papers between 2001 and 2019 were assessed. Our three major policy conclusions are as follows: (a) job creation seems to be limited; (b) each new project should consider a unique assessment, since all projects have been undertaken within different institutional frameworks, labor markets, and during separate years, meaning that the technology is not comparable; and (c) the number of jobs depends on the labor intensity of the country. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind power; jobs; labor; renewable; policy; energy wind power; jobs; labor; renewable; policy; energy
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Aldieri, L.; Grafström, J.; Sundström, K.; Vinci, C.P. Wind Power and Job Creation. Sustainability 2020, 12, 45.

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