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Gross Employment Effects in the Renewable Energy Industry in Germany—An Input–Output Analysis from 2000 to 2018

1
Department of Energy Systems Analysis, Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics, German Aerospace Center (DLR), 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
2
German Institute for Economic Research (DIW), 10117 Berlin, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(15), 6163; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156163
Received: 9 June 2020 / Revised: 29 June 2020 / Accepted: 30 June 2020 / Published: 31 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Technological Innovation and the Effect of Employment on Green Growth)
The purpose of this paper is to provide detailed insights into an approach to measure gross employment of the renewable energy (RES) industry in Germany in order to improve transparency and comparability. The method applied for the assessment of gross employment figures follows the input–output (IO) modeling approach and covers direct as well as indirect employment effects. All-in-all, four different approaches of applying the IO-methodology are described. The analysis includes 11 different RES technologies. It provides information on employment in manufacturing and installation, operation and maintenance (O&M), as well as the provision of biogenic fuels. The results show the relevance of the manufacturing and installation sector as well as the influence of foreign trade on this sector. On the other hand, it reveals the growing importance of O&M as well as the provision of biogenic fuels and their role in providing a more stable development of employment in the RES industry. Our main methodological conclusions are as follows: (1) data availability is a major challenge in assessing employment effects of specific technologies; (2) there are many different ways to apply the IO-modeling approach to specific technologies and services; (3) the transfer of results to other countries is limited. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; input–output analysis; gross employment; jobs; labor renewable energy; input–output analysis; gross employment; jobs; labor
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MDPI and ACS Style

O’Sullivan, M.; Edler, D. Gross Employment Effects in the Renewable Energy Industry in Germany—An Input–Output Analysis from 2000 to 2018. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6163. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156163

AMA Style

O’Sullivan M, Edler D. Gross Employment Effects in the Renewable Energy Industry in Germany—An Input–Output Analysis from 2000 to 2018. Sustainability. 2020; 12(15):6163. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156163

Chicago/Turabian Style

O’Sullivan, Marlene; Edler, Dietmar. 2020. "Gross Employment Effects in the Renewable Energy Industry in Germany—An Input–Output Analysis from 2000 to 2018" Sustainability 12, no. 15: 6163. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156163

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